1776 American Revolution: With the
Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress
authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for
independence from Britain.
1861 American Civil War: The war begins
with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor
of Charleston, South Carolina.
1862 American Civil War: The Andrews
Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurs, starting from Big
Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw).
1864 American Civil War: The Fort
Pillow massacre: Confederate forces kill most of the African
American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow,
1865 American Civil War: Mobile,
Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
1934 The strongest surface wind gust in
the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount
Washington, New Hampshire.
1934 The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins,
culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard
troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
1945 U.S. President Franklin D.
Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman
is sworn in as the 33rd President.
1955 The polio vaccine, developed by
Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
1981 The first launch of a Space
Shuttle (Columbia) takes place - the STS-1 mission.
1990 Jim Gary's "Twentieth Century
Dinosaurs" exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Institution
National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.
1999 US President Bill Clinton is cited
for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false
statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.