1715 The Pocotaligo Massacre triggers
the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
1783 Preliminary articles of peace
ending the American Revolutionary War (or American War of
Independence) are ratified.
1802 William Wordsworth and his sister,
Dorothy see a "long belt" of daffodils, inspiring the former
to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
1817 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and
Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the
first American school for deaf students, in Hartford,
1861 President Abraham Lincoln calls
for 75,000 Volunteers to quell the insurrection that soon
became the American Civil War
1865 Abraham Lincoln dies after being
shot the previous evening by actor John Wilkes Booth.
1892 The General Electric Company is
1900 PhilippineAmerican War: Filipino
guerrillas launch a surprise attack on U.S. infantry and
begin a four-day siege of Catubig, Philippines.
1912 The British passenger liner RMS
Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., two hours
and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. Only 710 of
2,227 passengers and crew on board survive.
1920 Two security guards are murdered
during a robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts.
Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti would be convicted of and
executed for the crime, amid much controversy.
1922 U.S. Senator John B. Kendrick of
Wyoming introduces a resolution calling for an investigation
of secret land deal, which leads to the discovery of the
Teapot Dome scandal.
1923 Insulin becomes generally
available for use by people with diabetes.
1924 Rand McNally publishes its first
1927 The Great Mississippi Flood of
1927, the most destructive river flood in U.S. history,
1935 Roerich Pact signed in Washington,
1947 Jackie Robinson debuts for the
Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking baseball's color line.
1952 The maiden flight of the B-52
1955 McDonald's restaurant dates its
founding to the opening of a franchised restaurant by Ray
Kroc, in Des Plaines, Illinois
1960 At Shaw University in Raleigh,
North Carolina, Ella Baker leads a conference that results
in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee, one of the principal organizations of the
African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
1965 The first Ford Mustang rolls off
the show room floor, two days before it is set to go on sale
1969 The EC-121 shootdown incident:
North Korea shoots down a United States Navy aircraft over
the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.
1986 The United States launches
Operation El Dorado Canyon, its bombing raids against Libyan
targets in response to a bombing in West Germany that killed
two U.S. servicemen.
2013 Two bombs explode near the finish
line at the Boston Marathon in Boston, Massachusetts,
killing 3 people and injuring 264 others.