The Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor
President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7,
1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes
attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. It completely destroyed
the American battleship U.S.S. Arizona and capsized the U.S.S. Oklahoma. The attack sank or beached a total of twelve ships and damaged nine
others. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 150 others damaged. The attack
took the country by surprise, especially the ill-prepared Pearl Harbor
"AIR RAID ON PEARL HARBOR X THIS IS NOT
The ranking United States naval officer in
Pearl Harbor, known as the Commander-in-Chief Pacific, sent this
hurried dispatch to all major navy commands and fleet units.
Radio stations receiving the news interrupted regular broadcasts
to announce the tragic news to the American public. Most people
knew what the attack meant for the U.S. even before Roosevelt's
official announcement the next day. The U.S. would declare war
The U.S. was already close to joining the
war, but in an attempt to preserve its stance of isolation and
neutrality, it had only committed to sending war supplies on
loan to the Allied forces, mainly Great Britain, France, and
Russia. Within days, Japan's allies, Germany and Italy (known
collectively as the Axis powers), declared war on the United
States. December 7, the "date which will live in infamy,"
brought the United States into World War II. Do you know anyone
who fought in the war?