John Quincy Adams
Born: July 11, 1767,
Braintree, Massachusetts Bay (now Quincy, Massachusetts)
Died: February 23, 1848 (age 80), Washington,
Buried: United First Parish Church,
John Quincy Adams was the sixth
president of the United States and the first son of a former
president who himself became president. (George H.W. Bush and
George W. Bush are the only other father-son presidents.)
John Quincy Adams was well known for his diplomatic success
and most of all for his role as secretary of state under James
Monroe. Adams had previously served as an ambassador to several
European countries and as a U.S. senator from Massachusetts. He
is the only president in history to serve in the U.S. House of
Representatives after leaving the presidency. Adams's fierce
sense of independent judgment meant that he never completely fit
the mold of any political party, and he was surely the only
president to have a pet alligator in the White House!
1846, the 78-year old former president suffered a stroke that
left him partially paralyzed. After a few months of rest, he
made a full recovery and resumed his duties in Congress. When
Adams entered the House chamber, everyone "stood up and
applauded." On February 21, 1848, the House of Representatives
was discussing the matter of honoring U.S. Army officers who
served in the Mexican–American War. Adams had been a vehement
critic of the war, and as Congressmen rose up to say "Aiy!" in
favor of the measure, he instead yelled "No!"
He rose to
answer a question put forth by the Speaker of the House.
Immediately thereafter, Adams collapsed, having suffered a
massive cerebral hemorrhage. Two days later, on February
23, he died with his wife and son at his side in the Speaker's
Room inside the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. His
last words were "This is the last of earth. I am content."
He died at 7:20 p.m.