Endive closely resembles lettuce in its requirements, except
that it is less sensitive to heat. It may be substituted for
lettuce when the culture of lettuce is impracticable. In the
South, it is mainly a winter crop. In the North, it is grown in
spring, summer, and autumn and is also forced in winter.
Broadleaved endive is known on the markets as escarole.
Cultural details are the same as those for head lettuce. When
the plants are large and well-formed, draw the leaves together and
tie them so that the heart will blanch. For winter use, lift the
plants with a ball of earth, place them in a cellar or cold-frame
where they will not freeze, and tie and blanch them as needed.
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