Cowpeas, also known as the southern peas, are highly
nutritious, tasty and easily grown. They are eaten both as fresh
shelled green peas or as dry peas. There are three basic types:
blackeye, crowder, and cream seed types. Each type has a distinct
appearance and flavor.
Cowpeas are very susceptible to cold and should not be planted
until the soil temperatures are at least 70�F. There are many
varieties that are resistant or tolerant to several diseases and
root-knot nematodes. Heavy applications of nitrogen fertilizer
should not be used for southern peas. Fertilize
moderately with a low-nitrogen analysis such as 4-12-12.
For the effort necessary to grow them, few if any other
vegetables will pay higher dividends than Southern table peas.
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