is ideal for conveying the splendor of the western landscape and for
portraits of the West. It is
also the most central technical ancestor of movies.
However, its direct influence is limited by the slow speed of the
first negative plates and by the cumbersome equipment.
Though important as a record of how the West looks, is
second-rate to painting as a medium in which to show action.
This is the core of the Western film and sustains its popularity.
the last third of the 1800s, most paintings of the West aim at producing
an accurate record of the land and its inhabitants, both native and
settler. Then, with the
growth of the means of mass reproductions, especially chromolithography,
and the success of large circulation magazines such as Harper's
Weekly, comes a new demand for stirring scenes of action and
paintings reinforces the tendency in popular literature and drama towards
making the Western synonymous with exciting narrative.
Among the artist, they include:
Catlin devotes himself
to paint the Native Americans and to bring an capture their culture. In 1832, he journeys up the Missouri River and produces
hundreds of paintings of tribes. His
next trip is into Comanche territory.
They provide him with more material to paint.
He is the one of the first to bring the live of the Native American
peoples to an international audience.
His produces a two-volume �Notes to the Manners, Customs and
Condition of the North American Indians� (1841).
Eastman starts his
career as an army officer. It
was in the field he becomes interested in the Native American people and
their culture. His paints
capture this impulse. His
wife Mary writes a number of books about the Native Americans and he
illustrators them. Among they
includes �Dakotah: Life and Legends of the Sioux� (1849).
Remington is without a
doubt the most famous Western artist.
After dropping out of Yale, he heads West to Montana. He decides to devote his life to capturing the West on his
canvas and drawing book.
1886, Harper�s Weekly prints his first pictures.
General George Crook�s Geronimo campaign, Remington illustrates
the action. Harper�s
Weekly and Outing magazines publish his works.
He is now one of the most important illustrators.
He also has a number of books to his credit and a novel �John
Ermine of the Yellowstone� (1902).