Colter, Mary Jane,
South Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, P.O.
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
These four structures reflect the Mary
Elizabeth Jane Colter's important work in Park architecture over
the first three decades of the 20th century.
The Hopi House (1905) is modeled after a Hopi
Pueblo and its design was a product of a movement in the
Southwest to preserve tangible aspects of Indian cultures.
The Lookout (1914) was the first building, in
what became a National Park area, to appear to grow out of the
landscape; it serves as a prime lesson in creating architecture
harmonious with landscape.
Hermit's Rest (1914) is similar to The
Lookout, but has many aspects of a medieval fairytale castle,
creating a sense of nostalgia.
Desert View Watchtower (1931) has
particularly noteworthy interior spaces based on circular forms;
archeology and ethno-history played a large part in the design
of this towered overlook.
There are four buildings included in this
National Historic Landmark. Hopi House: There are no
threats. The Watchtower's exterior stone veneer is in
serious need of re-pointing of grout joints as it allows, in
many places, infiltration of water into the building, damaging
structure and significant murals alike. Roofing and deck
membranes need replacement. The Hermit's Rest is in need
of new roofing. The Lookout has no pressing threats at
A Historic Structure
Report was conducted in 2007.