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History Along America’s Highways
In Arizona

Arizona is a U.S. state located in the southwestern region of the United States. Arizona is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states.  Arizona is the sixth most extensive and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix.  The second largest city is Tucson, followed in population by eight cities of the Phoenix metropolitan area: Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria, and Surprise.San Xavier del Bac Mission

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, and it achieved statehood on February 14, 1912.  Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern half, where there are very hot summers and quite mild winters.  The northern half of Arizona also features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large, high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San Francisco Mountains—as well as large, deep canyons, where there is much more moderate weather for three seasons of the year, plus significant snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Alpine.

Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and it has one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a 389-mile long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Arizona is the most populous landlocked state of the United States, assuming that coastline on the Great Lakes does not count. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, several national forests, national parks, and national monuments are located in Arizona.  About one-quarter of Arizona is federal land that serves as the home of the Navajo Nation; the Hopi tribe; the Tohono O'odham; the Apache tribe; the Yaqui peoples; and various Yuman tribes, such as the Yavapai people, the Quechan people, and the Hualapai people.

Arizona History List

  1. AIR FORCE FACILITY MISSILE SITE 8 (Titan II ICBM Site 571-7)

  2. AWATOVI RUINS

  3. CASA MALPAIS SITE

  4. COLTER, MARY JANE, BUILDINGS

  5. DESERT LABORATORY

  6. DOUBLE ADOBE SITE

  7. EL TOVAR

  8. FORT HUACHUCA

  9. GATLIN SITE

  10. GRAND CANYON DEPOT

  11. GRAND CANYON LODGE

  12. GRAND CANYON PARK OPERATIONS BUILDING

  13. GRAND CANYON POWER HOUSE

  14. GRAND CANYON VILLAGE

  15. HOOVER DAM (Also in Nevada)

  16. HUBBELL TRADING POST

  17. JEROME HISTORIC DISTRICT

  18. KINISHBA RUINS

  19. LEHNER MAMMOTH-KILL SITE

  20. LOWELL OBSERVATORY

  21. MERRIAM, C. HART, BASE CAMP SITE

  22. MISSION LOS SANTOS ANGELES DE GUEVAVI

  23. MURRAY SPRINGS CLOVIS SITE

  24. NAVAJO NATION COUNCIL CHAMBER

  25. OLD ORAIBI

  26. PAINTED DESERT INN

  27. PHELPS DODGE GENERAL OFFICE BUILDING

  28. POINT OF PINES SITES

  29. POSTON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, UNIT 1, COLORADO RIVER RELOCATION CENTER

  30. PUEBLO GRANDE RUIN AND IRRIGATION SITES

  31. SAGE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING, GANADO MISSION

  32. SAN BERNARDINO RANCH

  33. SAN CAYETANO DE CALABAZAS

  34. SAN XAVIER DEL BAC MISSION

  35. SIERRA BONITA RANCH

  36. SNAKETOWN

  37. TALIESIN WEST

  38. TOMBSTONE HISTORIC DISTRICT

  39. TUMACACORI MUSEUM

  40. VENTANA CAVE

  41. WINONA SITE

  42. YUMA CROSSING AND ASSOCIATED SITES (Also in California)

1. Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Bowie
2. Coronado National Memorial, Hereford
3. Fort Huachuca, Sierra Vista
4. Tumacácori National Historical Park, Tumacácori
5. Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, Tubac
6. San Xavier del Bac, Tucson
7. El Presidio Historic District, Tucson
8. Barrio Libre, Tucson
9. La Casa Cordova, Tucson
10. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Coolidge
11. Fort Apache Historic District, Whiteriver
12. Kinishba Ruins, Whiteriver
13. Tonto National Monument, Roosevelt
14. Pueblo Grande Ruin, Phoenix
15. Old Governor's Mansion/Sharlot Hall Museum, Prescott
16. Montezuma Castle National Monument, Camp Verde
17. Tuzigoot National Monument, Camp Verde
18. Walnut Canyon National Monument, Flagstaff
19. Wupatki National Monument, Flagstaff
20. Petrified Forest National Park, Petrified Forest
21. Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site, Ganado
22. Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Chinle
23. Navajo National Monument, Kayenta

Route 66 - Arizona

  1. Querino Canyon Bridge, Houck

  2. Painted Desert Inn, Navajo

  3. Wigwam Village Motel #6, Holbrook

  4. La Posada Historic District, Winslow

  5. Walnut Canyon Bridge, Winona

  6. Railroad Addition Historic District and Boundary Increase, Flagstaff

  7. Seligman Historic District, Seligman

  8. Peach Springs Trading Post, Peach Springs

  9. Schoolhouse at Truxton Canyon Trading School, Valentine

  10. Kingman Commercial Historic District, Kingman

  11. Durlin Hotel, Oatman

  12. Old Trails Bridge, Topock

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