Fort Bowie National Historic Site
Fort Bowie National Historic
Site is 12 miles south of Bowie, Arizona, at Apache Pass. The
site can only be reached by traveling the last 1.5 miles on
foot. The Visitor Center is open from 8:00am to 5:00pm
daily, except for Christmas Day. Ruins Trail hours are from
sunrise to sunset. The peak season is from March until
May. Please call 520-847-2500, or visit the Fort Bowie National
Historic Site website for further information. Fort Bowie and
Apache Pass is a National Historic Landmark.
Bowie was built in 1862 in the Chiricahua Mountains to protect
the U.S. Mail route and settlers heading west to the California
gold fields. The fort served as the base of operations
during the Apache Wars (1861-1886), the U.S. Army's ultimately
successful series of campaigns to quell raiding and warfare by
the Chiricahua Apaches in Arizona and Mexico.
Fort Bowie was officially abandoned in 1894. The area
includes stabilized adobe walls from the fort's many buildings,
the stone foundations of the Apache Pass Station of the
Butterfield Overland Mail Route, and the post cemetery.