Bread is one of the oldest prepared foods, dating back to the
Neolithic (10,000 B.C.) era. The first breads produced were probably
cooked versions of a grain-paste, made from ground cereal grains and
water, and may have been developed by accidental cooking or deliberate
experimentation with water and grain flour.
What do you know about Bread History? Bake this quick quiz.
1. The basic flat breads of this type also formed a staple in the
diet of many early civilizations with the Sumerians eating a type of
barley flat cake, and the 12th century BC Egyptians being able to
purchase a flat bread called ta from stalls in the village
streets. True or False?
2. Pliny the Elder (AD 23 - August 25, 79) reported that the Gauls
and Iberians used the foam to produce "a lighter kind of bread than
other peoples." Where did the foam come from?
3. What was used in the wine drinking parts of the ancient world?
4. What was the most common form of leavening?
5. In the Deipnosophistae, the Greek author Athenaeus describes some
of the breads, cakes, cookies, and pastries available in the Classical
world. Among the breads mentioned are griddle cakes, honey-and-oil
bread, mushroom shaped loaves covered in poppy seeds, and the military
specialty of rolls baked on a spit. When was the material written?
6. Diphilus, of Sinope, was a poet of the new Attic comedy and
contemporary of Menander (342-291 BC). He wrote "bread made of
wheat, as compared with that made of barley, is more nourishing, more
digestible, and in every way superior." What was the preferred
7. In medieval Europe what was a trencher?
bread served not only as a staple food but also as part of the table
service. In the standard table setting of the day the trencher,
8. Who is considered the father of sliced bread?
9. Another major advance happened in 1961 with the development of the
Chorleywood Bread Process. What was the development?
10. More recently, and especially in smaller retail bakeries,
chemical additives are used that both speed up mixing time and reduce
necessary fermentation time, so that a batch of bread may be mixed, made
up, risen, and baked in less than 3 hours. True or False?