Chili powder, chile powder
or chilli powder is a
"hot" spice made entirely or mainly from
powdered hot chili peppers.
The peppers may be virtually any
hot pepper including cayenne, ancho, jalapeno, New Mexico,
and pasilla chilis. The piquance ("heat" or "spicyness")
of the powder varies widely depending on which are used,
and their proportions if several types are mixed.
In many cuisines, such as traditional
Indian cuisine and in the United Kingdom, chili powder is
usually simply pure powdered chili.
In other cuisines, the hot chilis
may be blended with mild paprika chilis, and other
ingredients are included which usually include cumin,
oregano, garlic powder, and salt. Other ingredients may
include black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, mace,
nutmeg, and turmeric.
Such blends are widely used in
American cuisine as the primary flavor ingredient in chili
con carne. The first commercial blends of chili powder in
the U.S. were created in the 1890s by D.C. Pendery and
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