Arizona Picnic Getaway
2900 N. Craycroft Road
Tucson, AZ 85712
Phone: (520) 885-3832
The Spanish and Mexican government
control the Presidio of Tucson from 1776-1828 and between 1840-1846.
During the Mexican War in 1846, upon the arrival of the Mormon
Battalion, Mexican soldiers surrender the Presidio. For only a short
time, the Mormon Battalion control the Presidio. In present downtown
Tucson, Washington, Main, Pennington, and Church Streets border the
James Gadsden, American Minister to
Mexico, secures an agreement with Mexico to purchase a small strip
of land in southwestern New Mexico and all the land south of the
Gila River in Arizona. Tucson is the largest community.
Because the U.S. Government agrees
to control the Indians in the new area, the Army assigns troops to
the region. Between 1856-1859, Captain Richard S. Ewell commands a
small garrison at a post they call Camp near Tucson. Ewell becomes
famous as a Confederate general.
In the early part of the Civil War,
regular troops vacate Arizona. Confederate Captain Sherrod Hunter,
under orders from Shelby, captures Tucson. The California
Volunteers, Union troops, retake Tucson and establish the Post at
Tucson. They set up their post west of Main Street and South of
Congress. The post remains active until September 1864. The Army
reestablishes the post in June 1865. The California Volunteers leave
in 1866. Two months later, C Troop, U.S. 1st Cavalry Regiment takes
These regular troops rename the
post after Colonel Charles R. Lowell, mortally wounded at the Battle
of Cedar Creek, Virginia. By the end of 1866, the post reverts from
fort to camp.
In 1873, the Army closes Camp
Lowell and moves it eastward to Rillito Creek. Lt. Colonel Eugene A.
Carr, U.S. 5th Cavalry picks the new site. On March 8, 1873, Camp
Lowell becomes the headquarters of the U.S. 5th Cavalry Regiment.
In 1879, it again becomes knows as
Fort Lowell. During the Geronimo Campaign, it serves a supply depot.
On January 8, 1891, the Army abandons the site.
Today, Fort Lowell is a Tucson City
Park. The remaining buildings house a museum.
The Fort Lowell Museum is located
in the reconstructed Commanding Officer's quarters of Old Fort
Lowell, originally established in 1873. The museum features exhibits
about military life on the Arizona frontier.
The museum is located in Old Fort
Lowell Park at the corner of Cracroft and Fort Lowell Road in
Tucson. Walking tours, lectures, living history events are featured
as special events.
Museum hours: Wednesday through
Saturday, 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.