Pipe Spring National Monument
HC 65 Box 5
406 North Pipe Spring Road
Fredonia, AZ 86022
Explore Pipe Spring National Monument!
From Interstate 15,
turn onto Utah State Route 9 in Hurricane, Utah. Take Utah State
Route 59 east out of Hurricane. This road turns into Arizona State
Route 389 at the state line. Pipe Spring is 45 miles east of
From Utah Highway
89 and 89A, turn onto Arizona State Route 389 in Fredonia, Arizona.
Pipe Spring is 15 miles west of Fredonia.
National Monument, a little known gem of the National Park System,
is rich with American Indian, early explorer and Mormon pioneer
history. The water of Pipe Spring has made it possible for plants,
animals, and people to live in this dry, desert region. Ancestral
Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indians gathered grass seeds, hunted
animals, and raised crops near the springs for at least 1,000 years.
In the 1860s,
Mormon pioneers brought cattle to the area and by 1872 a fort (Winsor
Castle) was built over the main spring and a large cattle ranching
operation was established. This isolated outpost served as a way
station for people traveling across the Arizona Strip, that part of
Arizona separated from the rest of the state by the Grand Canyon. It
also served as a refuge for polygamist wives during the 1880s and
Although their way
of life was greatly impacted, the Paiute Indians continued to live
in the area and by 1907 the Kaibab Paiute Indian Reservation was
established, surrounding the privately owned Pipe Spring ranch.
In 1923 the Pipe
Spring ranch was purchased and set aside as a national monument.
Today the Pipe Spring National Monument - Kaibab Band of Paiute
Indians Visitor Center and Museum explains the human history of the
area over time. Daily tours of Winsor Castle, summer �living
history� demonstrations, an orchard and garden, and a half-mile
trail offer a glimpse of American Indian and pioneer life in the Old
through August): Monument grounds and Visitor Center/Museum are
open 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Tours of Winsor Castle are offered
on the hour and half hour from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
(September through May): Monument grounds and Visitor
Center/Museum are open 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Tours of Winsor
Castle are offered on the hour and half hour from 9:00 a.m. to
Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's days.
NOTE: Pipe Spring
National Monument is on Mountain Standard Time all year.
There is a small picnic area
on the monument.
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