Guilford Courthouse National
2332 New Garden Road
Greensboro, NC 27410-2355
Explore The Battle of Guilford
Thursday, March 15, 1781.
"I never saw such fighting since God made
me. The Americans fought like demons"
-Lt. General Charles, Earl Cornwallis
Things to Do
The largest, most hotly-contested battle of
the Revolutionary War's Southern Campaign was fought at the small
North Carolina backcountry hamlet of Guilford Courthouse. The battle
proved to be the high-water mark of British military operations in
the Revolutionary War.
The park visitor center and park headquarters
are located near the park entrance on New Garden Road (2332 New
Begin your park visit at the visitor center.
Here, you will find information on the park and the battle. Rangers
or volunteers at the information desk are glad to help you with
answers and assistance.
Primary facilities in the visitor center are a
thirty-two minute live-action theater film, "Another Such
Victory" (shown on the hour); a ten-minute animated Battle Map
Program explaining the tactics of the battle (shown on the :15 and
:45 of the hour); and colorful museum exhibits combining informative
text with original artifacts and weaponry.
A twenty-minute tactile Battle Map program is
available to any sight-impaired visitor. Also in the visitor center
is a bookstore (operated by Eastern National) offering visitors over
600 publications and theme-related items for sale on the battle and
the Revolutionary War. A narrated automobile tour of the battlefield
on CD is also available for sale. Bookstore hours are the same as
the visitor center.
On March 15, 1781. the largest, most
hotly-contested battle of the Revolutionary War's Southern Campaign
was fought at the small North Carolina backcounty hamlet of Guilford
Major General Nathanael Greene, defending the
ground at Guilford Courthouse with an army of almost 4,500 American
militia and Continentals, was tactically defeated by a smaller
British army of about 1,900 veteran regulars and German allies
commanded by Lord Charles Cornwallis.
After 2 1/2 hours of intense and often brutal
fighting, Cornwallis forced his opponent to withdraw from the field.
Greene's retreat preserved the strength of his army, but
Cornwallis's frail victory was won at the cost of over 25% of his
Guilford Courthouse proved to be the
high-water mark of British military operations in the Revolutionary
War. Weakened in his campaign against Greene, Cornwallis abandoned
the Carolinas hoping for success in Virginia. At Yorktown, seven
months after his victory at Guilford Courthouse, Lord Cornwallis
would surrender to the combined American and French forces under
General George Washington.
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park,
at 2331 New Garden Road in Greensboro, North Carolina, commemorates
the Battle of Guilford Court House, fought on March 15, 1781. This
battle opened the campaign that led to American victory in the
Revolutionary War. The British lost a substantial number of troops
at the battle, a factor in their surrender at Yorktown seven months
Did You Know?
Two Presidents of the United States have visited the Guilford Court
House battlefield? George Washington visited and stayed overnight in
June 1791 and Gerald R. Ford spoke to a large Bicentennial audience
from the Greene Monument in March 1976.
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