Fort Stevens State Park (OR)
Lewis and Clark National
92343 Fort Clatsop Road
Astoria, OR 97103-9197
(503) 861-2471 ext. 214
WELCOME to Fort Stevens State
Well-known for magnificent public beaches and
recreation opportunities, Fort Stevens State Park is also rich with
history. For thousands of years, a bustling Clatsop Indian village
stood on the banks of the Columbia River, a strategic trade spot.
Clatsops from this village helped the Corps of Discovery.
Later, the United States army built a fort and
an extensive series of bunkers, many of which stand today. From the
Civil War through the end of WWII � more than 80 years � Fort
Stevens helped defend the river mouth.
Today�s park includes almost 4,000 acres,
featuring year-round camping facilities, miles of ocean and river
beach, horseback, hiking and biking trails, fishing and swimming
lakes, shipwrecks, and sweeping views of Astoria, Youngs Bay,
Southwest Washington and the Columbia River mouth.
A replica of a Clatsop Indian long house is
located on the grounds of Fort Stevens Historical Site. The park also
offers a military interpretive museum, the only enclosed Civil War
earthworks site on the West Coast, and, in fall, Civil War battle
The Clatsop village site is shown on historic
maps as being near the north shore of Point Adams, which was the
original mouth of the Columbia River prior to the construction of the
south jetty. This was a strategic location for contacting American
Indians and later, European-American traders traveling on the Columbia
River. Point Adams is still discernible today, although sand accretion
to the west due to the jetty has drastically changed the configuration
of the mouth of the river.
The village site has a view of the Columbia
River to the north. The Civil War earthworks lies to the south of the
village site. Beyond the earthworks, to the south, are the remains of
Fort Stevens which was constructed at a later date.
Did You Know?
The average American man in the early 1800s was 5'5" or
5'6". Both Clark and Lewis were six feet tall though. Under most
circumstances military recruits had to be at least 5'4" to join
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