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San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park - BEST Places to Picnic

2202 Roosevelt Avenue
San Antonio, Texas 78210

Phone
Visitor Center
(210) 932-1001
Headquarters
(210) 534-8833

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

The legacy and history of San Antonio and this region began with a simple ceremony when in 1718 Franciscans and Spanish representatives established the first mission. Within 13 years, five were located along the San Antonio River. The missions� purpose? 

To acculturate and Christianize the native population and make them Spanish citizens. Today, visitors can retrace the footsteps of the mission Indians and friars. And, possibly, meet descendants of those first inhabitants.

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park preserves four of the five Spanish frontier missions in San Antonio, Texas. These outposts were established by Catholic religious orders to spread Christianity. These missions formed part of a colonization system that stretched across the Spanish Southwest in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

The National Historical Park was authorized on November 10, 1978. It was established on April 1, 1983, containing many cultural sites along with some natural areas. Portions of the four missions are owned by the Archdiocese of San Antonio and are still run as active parishes. The fifth (and best known) mission in San Antonio, the Alamo, is not part of the park, rather it is owned by the State of Texas, and operated by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas.

Mission Concepci�n

Mission Nuestra Se�ora de la Pur�sima Concepci�n de Acu�a was established in 1716 as Nuestra Se�ora de la Pur�simawas established in 1716 as Nuestra Se�ora de la Pur�sima Concepci�n de los Hainais in East Texas. The mission was moved in 1731 to San Antonio. Founded by Franciscan friars, this is the best preserved of the Texas missions. Located at 807 Mission Road, Mission Concepcion was designated a National Historic Landmark on April 15, 1970.

Mission Espada

Mission San Francisco de la Espada was established in 1690 as San Francisco de los Tejas near present-day Augusta and renamed San Francisco de los Neches in 1721. The mission was moved in 1731 to San Antonio and given its current name. Located on Espada Road, this mission was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 23, 1972.

Mission San Jos�

Mission San Jos� y San Miguel de Aguayo was established in 1720. Located at 6519 San Jose Drive, it was designated the San Jose Mission National Historic Site in 1941. The historic site was administratively listed on the National Register on October 15, 1966. Mission San Jose was founded by Father Antonio Margil de Jes�s.

Mission San Juan Capistrano

Mission San Juan Capistrano was established in 1716 as Mission San Jose de los Nazoris in East Texas. The mission was renamed and moved in 1731 to San Antonio. Located on Mission Road, San Juan was listed on the National Register on February 23, 1972.

Did You Know?
that the prickly pear cactus was a regular part of the South Texas Indians' diet? The pad, the flower, and the tuna (fruit) are all edible. Even today, "nopales" are found in the produce department of Texas grocery stores.

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