Mount Rainier National Park
238th Ave. East
Ashford, WA 98304
WELCOME to Mount Rainier
A Source of Inspiration
Learn about glaciers. Discover life in a
rainforest. Hike the Wonderland Trail. Explore sub-alpine ecology.
Watch clouds shroud the mountain and disappear. Visit a rustic
historic building. Dream about climbing to the summit. Study
geology. Experience a mountain meadow. Listen to a glacier crack.
Mount Rainier National Park encompasses
235,625 acres on the west-side of the Cascade Range, and is located
about 100 kilometers (50 miles) southeast of the Seattle-Tacoma
metropolitan area. Mount Rainier National Park is approximately 97
percent wilderness and 3 percent National Historic Landmark District
and receives approximately 2 million visitors per year.
At 14,410 feet, Mount Rainier is the most
prominent peak in the Cascade Range. It dominates the landscape of a
large part of western Washington State. The mountain stands nearly
three miles higher than the lowlands to the west and one and
one-half miles higher than the adjacent mountains. It is an active
volcano that last erupted approximately 150 years ago.
The park is part of a complex ecosystem.
Vegetation is diverse, reflecting the varied climatic and
environmental conditions encountered across the park�s 12,800-feet
elevation gradient. Approximately 58 percent of the park is
forested, 23 percent is subalpine parkland, and the remainder is
alpine, half of which is vegetated and the other half consists of
permanent snow and ice.
Forest ages range from less than 100 years old
on burned areas and moraines left by receding glaciers to old-growth
stands 1,000 or more years. Some alpine heather communities have
persisted in the park for up to 10,000 years.
Species known or thought to occur in the park
include more than 800 vascular plants, 159 birds, 63 mammals, 16
amphibians, 5 reptiles, and 18 native fishes.
The park contains 26 named glaciers across 9
major watersheds, with 382 lakes and 470 rivers and streams and over
3,000 acres of other wetland types. Of these vertebrates, there are
4 federally listed threatened or endangered species known to occur
in the park, including 3 birds and 1 fish.
Four other species historically occurred in
the park, but their present status is unknown including: gray wolf,
grizzly bear, Canada lynx, and Chinook salmon.
Plan Your Visit
Mount Rainier has five developed areas:
Longmire, Paradise, Ohanapecosh, Sunrise, and Carbon/Mowich.
Although the level of development in these areas ranges from basic -
little more than a campground and picnic area - to extensive -
hotel, restaurant, visitor center, campgrounds and picnic areas-
each can serve as a base for exploring the rest of the park. Learn
more about each of these areas.
Did You Know?
About 5,600 years ago the summit and northeast face of Mount Rainier
fell away in a massive landslide accompanied by volcanic explosions.
The Osceola Mudflow, a towering wall of mud and rock, thundered down
the White River Valley where it deposited 600' of debris eventually
reaching the Puget Sound.
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