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Robert Anderson

Born: June 14, 1805, Louisville, Kentucky
Died: October 26, 1871, (age 66) Nice, France

Robert Anderson was an American military leader. He served as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War, known for his command of Fort Sumter at the start of the war. He is often referred to as Major Robert Anderson, referring to his rank at Fort Sumter.

Anderson died in Nice, France.

What do you know about Robert Anderson?  Try this quick quiz.

1. Who did he twice muster in and out of army service?

2. Who was he on the staff of during the Second Seminole War?

3. Who was one of his students at West Point?

4. Who replaced Anderson as commander of the Department of the Cumberland?

5. When did he retire from the army?

6. On April 14, 1865, Anderson raised the flag at Fort Sumter. What happened that evening?

7. Where is Robert Anderson buried?


Check Your Answer

1. He served in the Black Hawk War of 1832 as a colonel of Illinois volunteers, where he had the distinction of twice mustering Captain Abraham Lincoln in and out of army service.

2. He served in the Second Seminole War as an assistant adjutant general on the staff of Winfield Scott.

3. The artillery attack was commanded by Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, who had been Anderson's student at West Point.

4. His next assignment placed him in another sensitive political position, commander of the Department of Kentucky (subsequently renamed the Department of the Cumberland), in a border state that had officially declared neutrality between the warring parties. He served in that position from May 28, 1861, until failing health required his replacement, by Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, on October 6, 1861.

5. On October 27, 1863, he officially retired from the Army and saw no further active service.

6. Days after Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox and the effective conclusion of the war, Anderson returned to Charleston in the uniform of a brevet major general (ranking as of February 3, 1865) and, four years after lowering the 33-star flag in surrender, raised it in triumph over the recaptured but badly battered Fort Sumter during ceremonies there. (The same evening, April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated).

Angels on your pillow7. West Point Cemetery, West Point, New York.

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