Jesse Chisholm was an Indian trader, guide, and interpreter,
born in the Hiwassee region of Tennessee, probably in 1805 or
1806. The Chisholm Trail is named after him.
Born: 1805? Tennessee
Died: March 4, 1868 (age 63?), Geary, Oklahoma
What do you know about Jesse Chisholm?
Try this Old West Legends Quick Quiz.
1. Chisholm had built a number of trading posts in
what is now western Oklahoma before the American Civil War.
2. Ignatius Chisholm, was of Scottish ancestry
and had worked as a merchant and slave trader in the Knoxville,
Tennessee area in the 1790s. Around 1800 he married a Cherokee woman in
the Hiwassee area.
3. In 1810, where was Jesse Chisholm
taken to by his mother with Tahlonteskee's group?
4. During the late 1820s he moved to the Cherokee
Nation and settled near in what is now eastern Oklahoma.
What was the name of the fort?
- Fort Gibson
- Fort Johnston
- Fort Jackson
5. Chisholm became a trader and in 1836 married the
daughter of James Edwards, who ran a trading post in what is now Hughes
What was her name?
6. Chisholm took trade goods west and south into
Plains Indian country, established small trading posts, and was soon in
demand as a guide and interpreter.
How many dialects was he
7. Chisholm assembled representatives from seven
tribes at a council on the San Saba River.
What was the
- October 7, 1844
- May 12, 1850
- December 10, 1850
8. In 1865, Chisholm and James
R. Mead loaded a train of wagons at Fort Leavenworth and established a
trading post at Council Grove on the North Canadian River near the site
of the Overholser Lake dam.
What is the site of the present city?
- Oklahoma City
9. Chisholm died of food poisoning after eating
rancid bear meat at Left Hand Spring, near the site of present Geary,
Oklahoma, on April 4, 1868.
10. Where is Jesse Chisholm buried?
- Watonga IOOF Cemetery, Watonga, Oklahoma
- Woodland Memorial Park Cemetery, Sand Springs, Oklahoma
- Jesse Chisholm Gravesite, Geary, Oklahoma