James A. Garfield
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In office: March 4, 1881 –
September 19, 1881
November 19, 1831, Moreland Hills, Ohio
Abram Garfield was the twentieth President of the United States,
and, as a result of his assassination, served only six months in that
office—the second shortest administration in United States history.
Prior to his election as president, Garfield served as a major
general in the United States Army and as a member of the U.S. House of
Representatives, and as a member of the Electoral Commission of 1876.
Garfield was the second U.S. President to be assassinated; Abraham
Lincoln was the first.
Death: September 19, 1881 (age 49), Elberon
(Long Branch), New Jersey
The President had
been walking through the Sixth Street Station of the Baltimore and
Potomac Railroad (a predecessor of the Pennsylvania Railroad)
Washington, D.C., on his way to his alma mater, Williams College, where
he was scheduled to deliver a speech, accompanied by Secretary of State
James G. Blaine, Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln (son of Abraham
Lincoln and two of his sons, James and Harry.
He died of a massive heart
attack or a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm, following blood poisoning
and bronchial pneumonia, at 10:35 p.m. on Monday.
Where is James A. Garfield buried?
- 42nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Military Cemetery, Moreland Hills,
- Garfield Mausoleum, Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
- US Military Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio