Born: January 21, 1824, Clarksburg, Virginia (now West
Died: May 10, 1863 (age 39) Guinea Station, Virginia
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was
Confederate general during the American Civil War, and probably the most
well-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee.
What do you know about Stonewall Jackson? Don't stonewall this Folk
1. Stonewall's father Jonathan Jackson died from typhoid fever on
March 26, 1826. When did his mother die of child birth (with her second
- December 4, 1831
- March 6, 1858
- February 6, 1847
2. As their mother's health faded, Jackson and his sister Laura Ann
were sent to live with their uncle, Cummins Jackson, who owned a grist
mill. Where is the grist mill?
- Jackson's Mill
3. He graduate in the Class of 1846. What did he graduate from?
- Virginia Military Academy
- United States Military Academy
- United States Naval Academy
4. In the spring of 1851, Jackson accepted a newly created teaching
position at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), in Lexington,
Virginia. He became Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy and
Instructor of Artillery.
5. On April 27, 1861, Virginia Governor John Letcher ordered Colonel
Jackson to take command and where he would assemble and command the
famous "Stonewall Brigade", consisting of the 2nd, 4th, 5th,
27th, and 33rd Virginia Infantry regiments. Where was the location of
- Harpers Ferry
6. At First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run), one of the commanders
shouted, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Let us
determine to die here, and we will conquer. Follow me." Who made
- Brig. Gen. Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr.
- Brig. Gen. Robert E. Lee
- Brig. Gen. Mark Reynolds
7. It was a classic military campaign of surprise and maneuver.
Jackson pressed his army to travel 646 miles in 48 days of marching and
won five significant victories with a force of about 17,000 against a
combined force of 60,000. He became the most celebrated soldier in the
Confederacy (until he was eventually eclipsed by Lee) and lifted the
morale of the Southern public. Jackson's reputation for moving his
troops so rapidly earned them the oxymoronic nickname. What was the
- "foot cavalry"
- "horseless infantry"
- "quick soldiers"
8. Before the armies camped for winter, Jackson's Second Corps held
off a strong Union assault against the right flank of the Confederate
line at the Battle of Fredericksburg, in what became a decisive
Confederate victory. Just before the battle, Jackson was delighted to
receive a letter about the birth of his daughter, Julia Laura Jackson,
on November 23.
9. As Jackson and his staff were returning to camp on May 2, they
were mistaken for a Union cavalry force by a Confederate North Carolina
regiment who shouted, "Halt, who goes there?," but fired
before evaluating the reply. Jackson was hit by three bullets, two in
the left arm and one in the right hand. Several other men in his staff
were killed in addition to many horses. Darkness and confusion prevented
Jackson from getting immediate care. He was dropped from his stretcher
while being evacuated because of incoming artillery rounds. Because of
his injuries, Jackson's left arm had to be amputated by Dr. Hunter
McGuire. Cause of death: Pneumonia. What was the battle?
- Battle of Fredericksburg
- Battle of Chancellorsville
- Battle of Gettysburg
10. Where is Stonewall Jackson buried?
- Grafton National Cemetery, Grafton, West Virginia
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
- Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia
11. Where is Stonewall Jackson's arm buried?
- Ellwood Family Cemetery, Spotsylvania, Virginia
- Lee Family Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
- Richmond National Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia