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George C. Marshall

Born: December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania
Died: October 16, 1959, (78), Washington, D.C.

George C. Marshall, Jr.George Catlett Marshall was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Once noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall served as the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during the war and as the chief military adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. As Secretary of State his name was given to the Marshall Plan, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

What do you know about George C. Marshall? Command this World War II Quick Quiz.

1. Marshall was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army after graduation from a military academy. What military academy did Marshall graduation from?

  • West Point
  • Virginia Military Academy
  • New Mexico Military Academy

2. In October 1936, what rank was Marshall promoted to?

  • Major
  • Colonel
  • Brigadier General

3. Nominated by President Franklin Roosevelt to be Army Chief of Staff, Marshall was promoted to full General and sworn in on September 1, 1939, the day German forces invaded Poland, which began World War II. He would hold this post until the end of the war in 1945.

  • True or False?

4. Many of the American generals that were given top commands during the war were either picked or recommended by Marshall. Who was NOT picked or recommended by Marshall?

  • Dwight Eisenhower
  • Omar Bradley
  • William Westmoreland

5. Faced with the necessity of turning an army of former civilians into a force of over eight million soldiers by 1942 (a forty-fold increase within three years), Marshall directed General Leslie McNair to focus efforts on rapidly producing large numbers of soldiers. With the exception of airborne forces, Marshall approved McNair's concept of an abbreviated training schedule for men entering Army land forces training, particularly in regards to basic infantry skills, weapons proficiency, and combat tactics.

  • True or False?

6. How many division was Marshall's original plan?

  • 200-divisions
  • 125-divisions
  • 75-divisions

7. Eisenhower duly picked this Marshall highly recommend general to command the 39,000-man Central Task Force (the largest of three) in Operation Torch. after the U.S. Army debacle at Kasserine Pass, he was quickly replaced by George Patton. Who is the general?

  • Ben Reynolds
  • Lloyd Fredendall
  • Tom Randolph

8. On December 16, 1944, Marshall became the first American general to be promoted to the newly created General of the Army. How many stars?

  • 4-stars
  • 5-stars
  • 7-stars

9. On his return in early 1947, Truman appointed Marshall Secretary of State. He became the spokesman for the State Department's ambitious plans to rebuild Europe. On June 5, 1947 in a speech at Harvard University, he outlined the American plan. The European Recovery Program, as it was formally known, became known as the Marshall Plan.

  • True or False?

10. Marshall was again named TIME's Man of the Year in 1948, and received the Nobel Peace Prize. What year did he get the Nobel Peace Prize?

  • 1950
  • 1953
  • 1956

11. In 1949, he resigned from the State Department. What was he named president of?

  • American National Red Cross
  • Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • International Business Machines

12. On September 21, 1950, what cabinet position did President Harry Truman appoint Marshall to?

  • Treasury Secretary
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Homeland Security Secretary

13. In 1953, he represented America at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

  • True or False

14. Where is George C. Marshall buried?

  • Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
  • Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, Los Angeles County, California
  • Presbyterian Cemetery, Hardin, Shelby County, Ohio

George C. Marshall Answers

  1. Virginia Military Academy
  2. Brigadier General
  3. True
  4. William Westmoreland
  5. True
  6. 200-divisions
  7. Lloyd Fredendall
  8. 5-stars
  9. True
  10. 1953
  11. American National Red Cross
  12. Secretary of Defense
  13. True
  14. Angels on your pillowArlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
    Plot: Section 7, Grave 8198

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