George C. Marshall
Born: December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania
Died: October 16, 1959, (78), Washington, D.C.
Catlett Marshall was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of
the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Once
noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for
his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall served as
the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during the war and as the chief military
adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. As Secretary of State his
name was given to the Marshall Plan, for which he was awarded the Nobel
What do you know about George C. Marshall? Command this World War II
1. Marshall was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army
after graduation from a military academy. What military academy did
Marshall graduation from?
- West Point
- Virginia Military Academy
- New Mexico Military Academy
2. In October 1936, what rank was Marshall promoted to?
- Brigadier General
3. Nominated by President Franklin Roosevelt to be Army Chief of
Staff, Marshall was promoted to full General and sworn in on September
1, 1939, the day German forces invaded Poland, which began World War II.
He would hold this post until the end of the war in 1945.
4. Many of the American generals that were given top commands during
the war were either picked or recommended by Marshall. Who was NOT
picked or recommended by Marshall?
- Dwight Eisenhower
- Omar Bradley
- William Westmoreland
5. Faced with the necessity of turning an army of former civilians
into a force of over eight million soldiers by 1942 (a forty-fold
increase within three years), Marshall directed General Leslie McNair to
focus efforts on rapidly producing large numbers of soldiers. With the
exception of airborne forces, Marshall approved McNair's concept of an
abbreviated training schedule for men entering Army land forces
training, particularly in regards to basic infantry skills, weapons
proficiency, and combat tactics.
6. How many division was Marshall's original plan?
7. Eisenhower duly picked this Marshall highly recommend general to
command the 39,000-man Central Task Force (the largest of three) in
Operation Torch. after the U.S. Army debacle at Kasserine Pass, he was
quickly replaced by George Patton. Who is the general?
- Ben Reynolds
- Lloyd Fredendall
- Tom Randolph
8. On December 16, 1944, Marshall became the first American general
to be promoted to the newly created General of the Army. How many stars?
9. On his return in early 1947, Truman appointed Marshall Secretary
of State. He became the spokesman for the State Department's ambitious
plans to rebuild Europe. On June 5, 1947 in a speech at Harvard
University, he outlined the American plan. The European Recovery
Program, as it was formally known, became known as the Marshall Plan.
10. Marshall was again named TIME's Man of the Year in 1948, and
received the Nobel Peace Prize. What year did he get the Nobel Peace
11. In 1949, he resigned from the State Department. What was he named
- American National Red Cross
- Standard Oil of New Jersey
- International Business Machines
12. On September 21, 1950, what cabinet position did President Harry
Truman appoint Marshall to?
- Treasury Secretary
- Secretary of Defense
- Homeland Security Secretary
13. In 1953, he represented America at the coronation of Queen
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
14. Where is George C. Marshall buried?
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
- Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, Los Angeles County, California
- Presbyterian Cemetery, Hardin, Shelby County, Ohio