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Douglas MacArthur

Awarded the Medal of Honor

Douglas MacArthurBorn: January 26, 1880, Little Rock, Arkansas
Died: April 5, 1964, (age 84) Washington, D.C.

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, was an American general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. 

He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and later played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II, one of the war's most decorated soldiers, receiving the Medal of Honor for his early service in the Philippines and on the Bataan Peninsula. 

He was designated to command the proposed invasion of Japan in November 1945. When that was no longer necessary, he officially accepted the nation's surrender on September 2, 1945.

What do you know about Douglas MacArthur? Try this quick quiz.

1. MacArthur entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1898. An outstanding cadet, he graduated first in his 93-man class in 1903. For his prowess in sports, military training, and academics he was awarded the coveted title of "First Captain Of The Corps Of Cadets." Upon graduation MacArthur was commissioned as a second lieutenant. What unit did he begin with in the Army?

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Army Infantry
  • U.S. Army Cavalry

2. After leaving West Point, where did MacArthur serve his first tour of duty?

  • Philippines
  • Wisconsin
  • Cuba

3. MacArthur distinguished himself by several acts of personal bravery in the Vera Cruz Expedition of 1914, including a railroad chase back to American lines. For these he was recommended for a medal, it was denied on the grounds that his actions had exceeded the scope of his orders. What was the award?

  • Medal of Honor
  • Distinguished Service Cross
  • Silver Star

4. Douglas MacArthur made it his policy to "lead... men from the front." Because of this policy, and the fact that he usually refused to wear a gas mask while the rest of his men would, he had respiratory problems the rest of his life. Still, he was the most decorated American officer of the war, and General Charles T. Menoher once said that he was the "greatest fighting man" in the army.

  • Fact or Myth?

5. In 1919 what did MacArthur became the superintendent of?

  • U.S. Military Academy at West Point
  • U.S. Army War College
  • New Mexico Military School, Roswell, New Mexico

6. In 1925, he was promoted to major general, the youngest officer of that rank at the time, and served on the court martial that convicted Brigadier General Billy Mitchell. Who played a role in the Otto Preminger movie?

  • Douglas MacArthur
  • Henry Fonda
  • James Stewart

7. One of MacArthur's most controversial acts came in 1932, when President Hoover ordered him to disperse the "Bonus Army" of veterans who had converged on the capital in protest of government policy. Who was the president?

  • Herbert Hoover
  • Franklin Roosevelt
  • Warren G. Harding

8. For his leadership in the defense of the Philippines, MacArthur was awarded the Medal of Honor (April 1, 1942) - a decoration for which he had twice previously been nominated. What family member had won a Medal of Honor?

  • Arthur, father
  • Michael, cousin
  • Arthur, Sr. grandfather

9. MacArthur spent the last years of his life finishing his memoirs; he died on April 5, 1964, before their publication in book form - they had begun to appear in serialized form in Life Magazine in the months just prior to his death. What was the cause of death?

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Liver failure
  • Biliary cirrhosis

10. Where is Douglas MacArthur buried?

  • MacArthur Memorial, Norfolk, Virginia
  • Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia

Answers

  • 1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • 2. Philippines
  • 3. Medal of Honor
  • 4. Fact
  • 5. U.S. Military Academy at West Point
  • 6. Douglas MacArthur
  • 7. Herbert Hoover
  • 8. Arthur, father
  • 9. Biliary cirrhosis
  • Angels on your pillow10. MacArthur Memorial, Norfolk, Virginia

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