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Francis Harrison Pierpont

Born: January 25, 1814, Morgantown, Virginia (now West Virginia)
Died: March 24, 1899 (aged 85), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Francis Harrison Pierpont - Trivia powered by ABEFrancis Harrison Pierpont called the "Father of West Virginia", was an American lawyer, politician, and governor of the union controlled parts of Virginia during the Civil War. After the war, he was the Governor of all of Virginia. 

In recognition of his significance to their state history, in 1910 the state of West Virginia donated a marble statue of Pierpont as their second contribution to the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection.

What do you know about Francis Harrison Pierpont? Try this Folk Quick Quiz.

1. He graduated from Allegheny College, and taught school in Virginia and Mississippi while also studying law. He was admitted to the bar in 1841, and became the local attorney for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1848.

  • Fact or Myth?

2. Prior to entering politics, he also helped found Fairmont Male and Female Seminary. What is it known as today?

  • Fairmont State University
  • Salem University
  • West Virginia University.

3. An active supporter of Abraham Lincoln, Pierpont became more involved in politics as an outspoken opponent of Virginia's secession from the Union. When Virginia seceded and entered the war, delegates from the northern and northwestern counties of Virginia, which refused to join the Confederacy, met at a convention. Where was the convention held?

  • Wheeling
  • Clarksburg
  • Pittsburgh

4. Who was elected provisional governor?

  • Morgan Morgan
  • Randolph Jennings
  • Francis Harrison Pierpont

5. In 1862, he attended the Loyal War Governors' Conference in Altoona, Pennsylvania, organized by Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Gregg Curtin. The meeting ending up supporting what proclamation?

  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Gettysburg Proclamation
  • Reunion Proclamation

6. Pierpont became governor of the occupied sections of Virginia.

  • Fact or Myth?

7. As the South became increasingly resistant to Reconstruction after the war, the United States Congress passed the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867. Through this Act, Virginia became the "First Military District" in 1868, and Pierpont was replaced by provisional governor Henry H. Wells. Who made the change?

  • John Schofield
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Philip Sheridan

8. Pierpont subsequently served one term in the West Virginia legislature in 1870, but lost his seat when the Democrats took control of the state.

  • Fact or Myth?

9. His last public office was as collector of Internal Revenue. Who appointed him to this position?

  • President James Garfield
  • President Ulysses S. Grant
  • President Chester A. Arthur

10. Where is Francis Harrison Pierpont buried?

  • Woodlawn Cemetery, Fairmont, West Virginia
  • Odd Fellows Cemetery, Clarksburg, West Virginia
  • Seventh-Day Baptist Cemetery, Salem, West Virginia

Francis Harrison Pierpont Answer

  1. Fact
  2. Fairmont State University
  3. Wheeling
  4. Francis Harrison Pierpont
  5. Emancipation Proclamation
  6. Fact
  7. John Schofield
  8. Fact
  9. President James Garfield
  10. Angels on your pillowWoodlawn Cemetery, Fairmont, West Virginia

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