14, 1875, Kaiserberg*, Alsace-Lorraine, Germany (now Haut-Rhin, France)
4, 1965 (aged 90), Lambaréné, Gabon
Schweitzer was an Alsatian theologian,
musician, philosopher, and physician. He was born in Kaysersberg in the
province of Alsace-Lorraine, a region of Germany which France assumed
after World War I.
Schweitzer challenged both the secular view of
historical Jesus current at his time and the traditional Christian view,
depicting a Jesus who expected the imminent end of the world. His philosophy of
"Reverence for Life", expressed in many ways, but most
famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in
Lambaréné, now in Gabon, west central Africa (then French Equatorial
As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German
composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ reform movement.
What do you know about Albert Schweitzer. Play
this Quick Quiz.
1. He studied organ there from 1885-1893 with
organist of the Protestant Temple, who inspired Schweitzer with his
profound enthusiasm for the music of German composer Richard Wagner. Who
taught him to play the organ?
- Eugène Munch
- Peter Becker
- Manfred Cooperberger
2. He completed his theology degree in 1899 and
published his Ph.D. at the University of Tübingen. What year did he
publish his Ph.D.?
3. Schweitzer rapidly gained prominence as a
musical scholar and organist, dedicated also to the rescue, restoration
and study of historic pipe organs.
4. In 1905 Charles-Marie Widor and Schweitzer were
among the six musicians who founded a choir dedicated to performing J.S.
Bach's music, for whose concerts Schweitzer took the organ part
regularly until 1913. What was the name of the choir?
- Angel Bach Choir
- Paris Bach Society
- Amsterdam Bach Choir
5. In 1900, he became an ordained minister. What
was the book he wrote in 1906?
The Guide to Jesus
The Quest of the Historical Jesus
- The Quest of the Historical Moses
6. Amid a hail of protests from his friends,
family and colleagues, he resigned his post and re-entered the
University as a student in a punishing seven-year course towards the
degree in a subject in which he had little knowledge or previous
aptitude. What was his study?
- Doctorate in Medicine
- Doctorate in Theology
- Doctorate in Dentistry
7. In 1912, Schweitzer made a definite proposal to
go as a medical doctor to work at his own expense in the Paris
Missionary Society's mission at Lambaréné on the Ogooué river, in
what is now the Gabon, in Africa (then a French colony). He refused to
attend a committee to inquire into his doctrine, but met each committee
member personally and was at last accepted. By concerts and other
fund-raising he was ready to equip a small hospital, taking satisfaction
that Bach himself had assisted in the enterprise.
8. A German citizen in French territory, when was
he able to reach his home in Alsace?
9. During World War II, where did Schweitzer live?
10. What award was he given in 1952?
- Nobel Peace Prize
- American Freedom Medal
- Pulitzer Prize
11. Schweitzer died at his beloved hospital in
12. Where is Dr. Albert Schweitzer buried?
- Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon
- Saint Sulpice Burial Crypt, Paris, France
- Cimetiere de Montmartre, Paris, France
*Kaiserberg is the German spelling for