What is an Ochlocracy?
is government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of
constitutional authorities. In English, the word mobocracy is sometimes
used as a synonym. As a pejorative for majoritarianism, it's akin to the
Latin phrase mobile vulgus meaning "the easily moveable
crowd," from which the term "mob" originally derives.
What do you know about Ocholocracy? Try this quick quiz?
1. As a term in civics it implies that there is no formal authority
whatsoever, not even a commonly-accepted view of anarchism, and so
disputes are raised, contended and closed by brute force - might
makes right, but only in a very local and temporary way, as another
mob or another mood might just as easily sway a decision. It is often
associated with demagoguery and the rule of passion over reason. True or
2. In ancient Greek political thought ochlocracy was considered as
one of the three "bad" forms of government (tyranny, oligarchy
and ochlocracy) as opposed to the three "good" forms of
government. What were the three "good" forms of government?
3. The threat of mob rule (not unlike the term tyranny of
the majority) is often invoked [often rhetorically] against a
democracy by those who oppose its majority decisions. They sometimes
fear oppression of the needs or freedoms of minorities if democratic
government is not efficiently restrained by protections given to
individuals under the rule of law. Sometimes concerned that demagoguery
may manipulate the mob and force popular currents of thought onto
minority groups without respect for their or the individual's rights.
What are some who wish to see more power assigned to called?
4. Historians often comment on mob rule as a factor in the rise of
Rome and its maintenance, as the city of Rome itself was large [between
100,000 and 250,000 citizens] while the aristocracy and even military
was very small by comparison to the citizenry. True or False?
5. During the French Revolution, the mobs in Paris played a similar
function, but were more carefully manipulated by political leaders who
sensed that they had the power to dispose of monarchy entirely. What
kind of government was set up?
6. What are modern theories that bear some resemblance to mob rule
and its mechanics?
7. If Roman guards could be swayed by mobs, it is obviously possible
also to sway modern police even in a police state. What was the
consequence of disobedience for Roman guards?
8. Whether by intent or by circumstance, non-violent well-organized
assemblies often degrade into unruly mobs. Published treatises on civil
disobedience theory almost always encourage practitioners to establish
order within their ranks, but civil disobedience groups often face
difficulty in controlling those they recruit. True or False?
9. What group is the term "mob" used to describe?
10. In certain places with a dubious record of representative
democracy, physical control of polling stations is a form of mob rule
that determines who wins: whoever can bring out more supporters to keep
the opposing political party out, wins. What is the importance of