1) After the start of hostilities at Fort Sumter
in April 1861, a former Army officer returned to the Army and, on May 13,
assumed command of the Department of the Ohio, headquartered in
Who was the former Army officer?
- Stephen B. Ambrose
- George Crook
- George B. McClellan
2) The Department of the Ohio's immediate
objectives was to occupy the State of West Virginia (at that time
the northwestern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia) to protect
the predominantly pro-Union populace of the area, and to keep open
the railroad line, which was a critical supply line for the Union.
What was the railroad?
- Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
- Penn Central Railroad
- Virginia & Florida Railroad
3) On May 26, in response to the burning of
bridges on the railroad near the town of Farmington, ordered Col.
Benjamin Franklin Kelley of the (Union) 1st Virginia Infantry with
his regiment and Company A of the 2nd Virginia Infantry, to
advance from Wheeling to the area of the sabotage and secure the
important bridge over the Monongahela River at a town, about 70
miles southeast of Wheeling.
What was the town 70
miles southeast of Wheeling?
4) Kelley's men were supported by an infantry
regiment under Col. James Irvine. After securing Monongahela
River, the 1st Virginia advanced again and seized the important
railroad junction of Grafton, about 15 miles southwest of
Monongahela River town, on May 30.
What was the
infantry regiment commanded by Col. James Irvine?
- 16th Ohio Infantry
- 16th Pennsylvania Infantry
- 16th Vermont Infantry
5) Meanwhile, the 14th Ohio Infantry Regiment,
under Col. James B. Steedman, was ordered to occupy Parkersburg
and then also proceed to Grafton, about 90 miles to the east.
6) By May 28, the Department of the Ohio
commander ordered a total of about 3,000 troops into Western
Virginia and placed them under the overall command of Brig. Gen.
Thomas A. Morris.
What state's volunteers did Morris
- Indiana Volunteers
- Maine Volunteers
7) Confederate Col. George A. Porterfield had
been assigned to command of state forces in northwestern Virginia
on May 4 and ordered to Grafton to take charge of enlistments in
that area. As the Union columns advanced, Porterfield's poorly
armed 800 recruits retreated to Philippi, about 17 miles south of
Grafton. At Philippi, a covered bridge spanned the Tygart Valley
River and was an important segment of the vital turnpike.
What was the name of the turnpike?
- Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike
- Charleston-Clarksburg Turnpike
- U.S. 50 Turnpike
8) Col. Kelley devised a two-prong attack
against the Confederate forces in Philippi, approved by Gen.
Morris on his arrival in Grafton on June 1. The principal advance
would be 1,600 men led by Kelley himself, and would include six
companies of his own regiment, nine of the 9th Indiana Infantry
Regiment under Col. Robert H. Milroy, and six of the 16th Ohio
Infantry. In order to deceive the enemy into believing their
objective was Harpers Ferry, they departed by train to the east.
They de-trained at the small village of and marched south on a
back road (on the same side of the river as Philippi) intending to
arrive at the rear of the town.
What was the name of
the small village.
9) The 7th Indiana under Col. Ebenezer Dumont
were sent to Webster, about 3.5 miles southwest of Grafton. There
they would combine with the 6th Indiana under Col. Thomas T.
Crittenden and the 14th Ohio under Col. Steedman. The column, with
a total of 1,400 men under the command of Col. Dumont (with the
assistance of Col. Frederick W. Lander, volunteer aide-de-camp to
Gen. McClellan), would march directly south from Webster on the
Turnpike. In this way, the Union force would execute a double
envelopment of the Confederates.
10) On June 2, the two Union columns set off
to converge on Philippi. After an overnight march in rainy
weather, both columns arrived at Philippi before dawn on June 3.
Morris had planned a predawn assault that would be signaled by a
pistol shot. The untrained Confederate troops had failed to
establish picket lines to provide perimeter security, choosing
instead to escape the cold rain that fell at morning and stay
inside their tents. A Confederate sympathizer saw the approaching
Union troops and sent her young son on horseback to warn the
Confederates. While the sympathizer watched, Union pickets
captured the boy and she fired her pistol at the Union soldiers.
Although she missed, her shots started the attack prematurely.
Who was the Confederate sympathizer?
- Mrs. Thomas Humphreys
- Mrs. Ira Jones
- Mrs. Helen Morgan
11) The Union forces began firing their
artillery, which awakened the sleeping Confederates. After firing
a few shots at the advancing Union troops, the Southerners broke
lines and began running frantically to the south, some still in
their bed clothes, which caused journalists to refer to the battle
as the "Battle at Philippi".
12) Who was shot while chasing some of the retreating
- Col. Kelley
- Col. Smith
- Col. Wagner
Col. Lander's ride down the steep hillside through heavy
underbrush was considered such a feat of horsemanship that gave an
illustrated account of it shortly afterward.
- Leslie's Weekly
- Time Magazine
- Weekly Gazette
14) Where did the remaining
Confederate troops retreated to about 45 miles to the south?
- Webster Springs
15) After the battle, Col. Porterfield was
replaced in command of Confederate forces in western Virginia.
Who replaced Col. Porterfield?
- Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett
- Brig. Gen. Robert J. Jackson
- Brig. Gen. Robert E. Lee
16) It was the first organized land action in
the war, but is often treated dismissively as a skirmish rather
than a significant battle.