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Battle of Gettysburg:
The Campaign Begins (June 3, 1863)

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg: The Campaign Begins?
Try this U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Battle of Gettysburg1) Lee's army slipped away from Federal contact.  Shortly after the Army of Northern Virginia won a decisive victory over the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30 - May 6, 1863), Lee decided upon a second invasion of the North.  He believed the move would upset Union plans for the summer campaigning season, give Lee the ability to maneuver his army away from its defensive positions behind the Rappahannock River, and allow the Confederates to live off the bounty of the rich northern farms while giving war-ravaged Virginia a much needed rest.  Lee's army could also threaten Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, and encourage the growing peace movement in the North.  
What
Corps did he keep in Fredericksburg to protect his advance?

  1. First Corps

  2. Second Corps

  3. Third Corps

  4. Fifth Corps

2) Union Army of the Potomac, under consisted of seven infantry corps, a cavalry corps, and an Artillery Reserve, for a combined strength of about 90,000 men.  
Who
commanded the Union Army of the Potomac?

  1. Abner Doubleday

  2. Joseph Hooker

  3. John C. Robinson

  4. James S. Wadsworth

3) How large was Lee's initial invasion army?

  1. 75,000 men

  2. 125,000 men

  3. 175,000 men

  4. 200,000 men

4) Lee's First Corps and Second Corps camped around the small Virginia town of Culpepper.

  • True or False?

5) Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, befitting his reputation as a "dashing cavalier" or beau sabreur, requested a full field review of his troops by Gen. Lee. This grand review on June 5 included nearly 9,000 mounted troopers and 4 batteries of horse artillery, charging in simulated battle at Inlet Station, about two miles southwest of Brandy Station.  
Who
was NOT a brigade commander under Stuart?

  1. Wade Hampton

  2. William E. "Grumble" Jones

  3. Fitzhugh Lee

  4. Morgan Robertson

6) General Lee was not able to attend the review on June 5, however, so it was repeated in his presence on June 8, although the repeated performance was limited to a simple parade without battle simulations.  Despite the lower level of activity, some of the cavalrymen and the newspaper reporters at the scene complained that all Stuart was doing was feeding his ego and exhausting the horses.

  • True or False

7) Unknown to the Confederates, 11,000 Union men had massed on the other side of the Rappahannock River.  The commanding the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac, had organized his combined-armed forces into two "wings," under Brig. Generals John Buford and David McMurtrie Gregg, augmented by infantry brigades from the V Corps.
Who
was the Union's Cavalry Corps commander?

  1. Alfred Pleasonton

  2. Henry W. Slocum

  3. Alpheus S. Williams

  4. John W. Geary

8) After Brandy Station, Lee's infantry forces began crossing the Blue Ridge Mountains and headed north, through the Shenandoah Valley.  
Who
commanded Lee's lead force?

  1. Richard S. Ewell

  2. John Bell Hood

  3. Lafayette McLaws

  4. George E. Pickett

9) The Second Battle of Winchester was fought in Frederick County and Winchester, Virginia as part of the Gettysburg Campaign during the American Civil War.  As Confederate Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell moved down the Shenandoah Valley in the direction of Pennsylvania, his corps defeated the Union Army garrison by capturing Winchester and numerous Union prisoners.  
Who
commanded the Union garrison at Winchester?

  1. Robert J. Baker

  2. Robert J. Maxwell

  3. Robert H. Milroy

  4. Robert H. Williams

10) The Union Army of the Potomac left Fredericks, Virginia heading north. 
When
did they reach Manassas Junction, Virginia?

  1. June 14, 1863

  2. June 15, 1863

  3. June 16, 1863

  4. June 17, 1863

11) Ewell began crossing the Potomac River near , late on June 15, along with Jenkins's cavalry brigade.  Hill's and Longstreet's corps followed on June 24 and June 25.
What
Lee's Corps was the first to cross the Potomac and invade the north?

  1. First Corps

  2. Second Corps

  3. Third Corps

  4. Fourth Corps

12) The Union commander dispatched Pleasonton's cavalry again to punch through the Confederate cavalry screen to find the main Confederate army, which led to three minor cavalry battles from June 17 through June 21 in the Loudoun Valley. 
What
is NOT one of the battles?

  1. Battle of Aldie

  2. Battle of Middleburg

  3. Battle of Upperville

  4. Battle of Vienna

13) Stuart and his three brigades begin their Stuart ride around the Union Army. 
What
is NOT a battle during the ride?

  1. Battle of Carlisle

  2. Battle of Hanover

  3. Battle of Hogestown

  4. Battle of Hunterstown

14) who assumes command of the Army of the Potomac on June 28, 1863?

  1. Abner Doubleday

  2. Ulysses S. Grant

  3. George Gordon Meade

  4. Philip Sheridan

15) The Skirmish of Sporting Hill was a relatively small skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War, taking place on June 30, 1863, at various locations in present day Camp Hill, East Pennsboro Township and Hampden Township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. It is known as the northernmost engagement of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.  
Who
was the Union commander?

  1. Darius N. Couch

  2. Albert G. Jenkins

  3. Ira McCormick

  4. Peter Perkins

16) While part of Hill's Corps was in Cashtown, one of Hill's brigades, North Carolinians under Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew, ventured toward Gettysburg.  The memoirs of Maj. Gen. Henry Heth, Pettigrew's division commander, claimed that he sent Pettigrew to search for supplies in town - especially overcoats.

  • True or False?


Battle of Gettysburg:
The Campaign Begins (June 3, 1863)
[ANSWERS]

1) C. 2) B. 3) A. 4) True 5) D. 6) True 7) A. 8) A.9) C. 10) C. 11) B. 12) D. 13) C 14) C 15) A.
16) False.  He sent Pettigrew to search for supplies in town - especially shoes.

More Gettysburg Civil War Trivia

 
 


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