Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Evening
What do you know about Battle of
Gettysburg, First Day: Evening?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy quiz
"Check Your Answers" at
the end of the page.
1) Gen. Robert E. Lee understood the defensive potential to the
Union army if they hold the high ground of Cemetery Hill.
He sent orders to "carry the hill occupied by the enemy, if he
found it practicable, but to avoid a general engagement until
the arrival of the other divisions of the army." In the face of
this discretionary, and possibly contradictory, order, he chose
not to attempt the assault.
Who did Lee
send orders too?
Richard S. Ewell
E. Porter Alexander
Richard H. Anderson
Jubal A. Early
One reason for not attacking Cemetery Hill is battle fatigue of
his men in the late afternoon. Although "Allegheny" Johnson's
division of the Second Corps is just arriving on the
3) Another reason for not attacking Cemetery
Hill is the difficulty of assaulting the hill through the narrow
corridors streets of Gettysburg, immediately to the north.
4) They consider taking Culp's Hill, which will
make the Union position on Cemetery Hill untenable, but abandon
the idea when it is reported that Union troops (probably
Slocum's XII Corps) are approaching on the York Pike and a small
group of them are found to be present on the hill.
5) Lee's order has been criticized because it left too much
discretion. Numerous historians and proponents of the movement
(most prominently Jubal Early) speculate how the more aggressive
Stonewall Jackson would have acted on Lee's order if he
commanded this wing of Lee's army.
the movement known as?
The Left Wing
Bound For Glory
6) When does Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson's
division join the Confederate Third Corps?
7) Two of the three divisions of the First Corps, arrive in the
Who commands the First Corps?
George E. Pickett
John Bell Hood
8) Three cavalry brigades under Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart are still
out of the area, on a wide-ranging raid to the northeast.
9) On the Union side, Meade arrives after midnight. The II Corps
and III Corps take up positions on Cemetery Ridge, and the XII
Corps and the V Corps are nearby to the east.
Union Corps is a significant distance from the battlefield,
marching rapidly to join the Army of the Potomac?
10) The first day at Gettysburg, is more significant than simply a
prelude to the bloody second and third days. About one quarter
of Meade's army (22,000 men) and one third of Lee's army
(27,000) are engaged.
What did the first
day rank in battle by number of troops engaged?
23rd biggest battle
55th biggest battle
73rd biggest battle
100th biggest battle