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Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: McLaws Assault

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Second Day: McLaws Assault
Try this U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Take 2 points for each right answer. Maximum this page: 20 points!

1) Lafayette McLaws arranged his division similar to Hood's on his right, two lines of two brigades each: left front, facing the Peach Orchard, the brigade of Brig. Gen. William Barksdale; right front, Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw; left rear, Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford; right rear, Brig. Gen. Paul Jones. Corps commander James Longstreet ordered McLaws to send in Kershaw's brigade, with Barksdale's to follow on the left, beginning the en echelon attack (one brigade after another in sequence) that would be used for the rest of the afternoon's attack.  McLaws resented Longstreet's hands-on management of his brigades.Battle of Gettysburg

  • True or False?

2) The area known as the Wheatfield has three geographic features, all owned by the John Rose family.
What is NOT one of the Rose areas?

  1. Wheatfield

  2. Rose Wood

  3. Stony Hill

  4. Fish Pond

3)  The first engagement in the Wheatfield is actually that of Anderson's brigade (Hood's division) attacking the 17th Maine of Trobriand's brigade, a spillover from Hood's attack on Houck's Ridge.

  • True or False?

4) The first of Kershaw's regiments nears the Rose farmhouse, Stony Hill had been reinforced by two brigades of the 1st Division, V Corps, under Brig. Gen. James Barnes, those of Cols. William S. Tilton and Jacob B. Sweitzer.
What time did the fighting begin?

  1. 11:30 a.m.

  2. 1:30 p.m.

  3. 3:30 p.m.

  4. 5:30 p.m.

5) Three brigades, under Cols. Samuel K. Zook, Patrick Kelly (the Irish Brigade), and Edward E. Cross move forward; the fourth brigade, under Col. John R. Brooke, is in reserve. Zook and Kelly drive the Confederates from Stony Hill, and Cross clear the Wheatfield, pushing Kershaw's men back to the edge of Rose Woods.
Who is NOT mortally wounded in leading their brigades through these assaults.

  1. Samuel K. Zook

  2. Edward E. Cross

  3. Patrick Kelly

  4. Paul Jones Semmes

6) Additional Union troops had arrived by this time. The 2nd Division of the V corps, under Brig. Gen. Romeyn B. Ayres, was known as the Regular Division because two of its three brigades are composed of U.S. Army (regular army) troops, not state volunteers.

  • True or False?

7) In the Regular troops advance across the Valley of Death they have come under heavy fire from Confederate sharpshooters in Devil's Den. As they advance, the Confederates swarm over Stony Hill and through Rose Woods, flanking the newly arrived brigades. They retreat back to the relative safety of Little Round Top in good order, despite heavy casualties and pursuing Confederates.
Of the 2,613 Union regular soldiers engaged, what is the number of casualties?

  1. 269

  2. 469

  3. 669

  4. 829

8) This final Confederate assault through the Wheatfield continues past Houck's Ridge into the Valley of Death.
What is the time?

  1. 6:30 p.m.

  2. 7:30 p.m.

  3. 8:30 p.m.

  4. 9:30 p.m.

9) The brigade of Col. William McCandless, including a company from the Gettysburg area, spearheaded the attack and drove the exhausted Confederates back beyond the Wheatfield to Stony Hill. Realizing that his troops were too far advanced and exposed, Crawford pulled the brigade back to the east edge of the Wheatfield.
Who commands the brigade?

  1. Col. William McCandless

  2. Col. George Bahler

  3. Col. Todd McFarlen

  4. Col. William Showalter

10) The bloody Wheatfield remains quiet for the rest of the battle. But it takes a heavy toll on the men who traded possession back-and-forth. The Confederates suffer casualties of 1,394 and the Union 3,215. Some of the wounded manage to crawl to water stream but they can not cross it. The stream runs red with their blood.
What is the name of the stream?

  1. Rose Creek

  2. Meades River

  3. Plum Run

  4. Strawberry Creek

11) While the right wing of Kershaw's brigade attacks into the Wheatfield, its left wing wheels left to attack the Pennsylvania troops in the brigade of Brig. Gen. Charles K. Graham, the right flank of Birney's line, where 30 guns from the III Corps and the Artillery Reserve attempt to hold the sector.

  • True or False?

12) The two brigades on McLaws' left, charge directly into the Peach Orchard, the point of the salient in Sickles' line.
Who leads the charge on horseback, long hair flowing in the wind, sword waving in the air?

  1. William Barksdale

  2. Joseph B. Kershaw

  3. William T. Wofford

  4. Paul Jones Semmes

13) Brig. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys's division had only about 1,000 men to cover the 500 yards from the Peach Orchard northward along the Emmitsburg Road to the lane leading to the Abraham Trostle farm. Some were still facing south, from where they had been firing on Kershaw's brigade, so they were hit in their vulnerable flank. Barksdale's 1,600 Mississippians wheel left against the flank of Humphreys's division, collapsing their line, regiment by regiment. A brigade retreats back toward Cemetery Ridge.
Who has two horses shot under them, is hit by a shell fragment, a bullet in his upper body, and eventually captured by the 21st Mississippi?

  1. Simon Cowley

  2. Rex Reasons

  3. Charles K. Graham

  4. Bruce Baker

14) As Barksdale's men pushed toward Sickles's headquarters near the Trostle barn, the general and his staff begin to move to the rear, when a cannonball catch Sickles in the right leg. He is carried off in a stretcher, sitting up and puffing on his cigar, attempts to encourage his men. That evening his leg is amputated, and he returns to Washington, D.C.
Who assumes command of the III Corps, which is soon rendered ineffective as a fighting force?

  1. William W. Robinson

  2. Mark Finnicum

  3. Samuel J. Williams

  4. David B. Birney

15) The relentless infantry charges poses extreme danger to the Union artillery batteries in the orchard and on the Wheatfield Road, and they are forced to withdraw under pressure. The six Napoleons of Capt. John Bigelow's 9th Massachusetts battery, on the left of the line, "retired by prolonge," a technique rarely used in which the cannon is dragged backwards as it fired rapidly, the movement aided by the gun's recoil. By the time they reach the Trostle house, they are told to hold the position to cover the infantry retreat, but they are eventually overrun by troops of the 21st Mississippi.
How many guns were captured?

  1. one

  2. three

  3. four

  4. five


Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day, McLaws Assault
(Answers)

1) True 2) D. 3) True 4) D. 5) C. 6) True 7) D. 8) B. 9) A. 10) C. 11) True 12) A. 13) C 14) D. 15) B.

Score for this page: _______

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