GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, Morning - Union
cavalry commanded by Brig. Gen. John Buford were awaiting the
approach of Confederate infantry forces from the direction of
Cashtown, to the northwest. Confederate forces from the brigade
of Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew had briefly clashed with
Union forces the day before but believed they were Pennsylvania
militia of little consequence, not the regular army cavalry that
was screening the approach of the Army of the Potomac.
What cavalry division of the Army of the Potomac, did
John Buford command?
- First Division
- Second Division
- Third Division
- Fourth Division
2) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, Morning
- General Buford realized the importance of the high ground
directly to the south of Gettysburg. He knew that if the
Confederates could gain control of the heights, Meade's army
would have a hard time dislodging them. He decided to utilize
three ridges west of Gettysburg: Herr Ridge, McPherson Ridge,
and Seminary Ridge (proceeding west to east toward the town).
Early that morning, the commander of the Left Wing of the Army
of the Potomac, ordered his corps to march to Buford's location,
with the XI Corps (Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard) to follow closely
Who commanded the Union left wing?
- Marcus Ambrose
- Henry Marshall
- John F. Reynolds
- Arnold Woods
3) HERR RIDGE, GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863,
Morning - Confederate Maj. Gen. Henry Heth's division,
from Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps, advanced towards
Gettysburg. Heth deployed no cavalry and led, unconventionally,
with the artillery battalion.
Who commanded the
- William J. Collins
- William J. Jenkins
- William J. Moore
- William J. Pegram
4) HERR RIDGE, GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863,
7:30 A.M. - Two infantry brigades followed, commanded
by Brig. Gens. James J. Archer and Joseph R. Davis, proceeding
easterly in columns. Three miles west of town, Heth's two
brigades met light resistance from cavalry outposts and deployed
into line. Eventually, they reached dismounted troopers from
Col. William Gamble's cavalry brigade.
brigades followed what route?
- Baltimore Pike
- Chambersburg Pike
- Hagerstown Road
- Harrisburg Road
5) MCPHERSON RIDGE, GETTYSBURG,
PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 10 A.M. - The morning infantry
fighting occurred mostly on McPherson Ridge. To the north, an
unfinished railroad bed opened three shallow cuts in the ridges.
To the south, the dominant features were Willoughby Run and
Herbst Woods (sometimes called McPherson Woods, but they were
the property of John Herbst). Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler's Union
brigade opposed Davis's brigade; two of Cutler's regiments were
north of the Pike, two to the south. To the left of Cutler,
Brig. Gen. Solomon Meredith's Iron Brigade opposed Archer.
6) McPHERSON RIDGE, GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1,
1863, 10:30 A.M.
General John F. Reynolds directed
both brigades into position and placed guns from the Maine
battery of Capt. James A. Hall. While the general rode his horse
along the east end of Herbst Woods, shouting "Forward men!
Forward for God's sake, and drive those fellows out of the
woods," he fell from his horse, killed instantly by a bullet
striking him behind the ear.
Who replace Reynolds?
- Abner Doubleday
- Solomon Meredith
- Patrick Moloney
- Thomas A. Rowley
7) McPHERSON RIDGE, GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1,
1863, 10:40 A.M. - On the right of the Union line,
three regiments of Cutler's brigade were fired on by Davis's
brigade before they could get into position on the ridge.
Davis's line overlapped the right of Cutler's, making the Union
position untenable, and Wadsworth ordered Cutler's regiments
back to Seminary Ridge. The commander of the 147th New York, Lt.
Col. Francis C. Miller, was shot before he could inform his
troops of the withdrawal, and they remained to fight under heavy
pressure until a second order came.
In under 30
minutes, what percent of Gen. Cutler's 1,007 men became
8) McPHERSON RIDGE, GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1,
1863, 10:45 A.M. - South of the pike, James Archer's
men were expecting an easy fight against dismounted cavalrymen
and were astonished to recognize the black Hardee hats worn by
the men facing them through the woods: the famous Iron Brigade,
formed from regiments in the Western states of Indiana,
Michigan, and Wisconsin, had a reputation as fierce, tenacious
fighters. As the Confederates crossed Willoughby Run and climbed
the slope into Herbst Woods, they were enveloped on their right
by the longer Union line, the reverse of the situation north of
the pike. General Archer was most likely positioned around the
14th Tennessee when he was captured by Company G., 2nd
Who captured Archer?
- Hugh McGregor
- Patrick Moloney
- Tim Rodgers
- Bob Wire
9) McPHERSON RIDGE, GETTYSBURG,
PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 11 A.M. - The 6th
Wisconsin, commanded by Lt. Col. Rufus R. Dawes, was sent north
in the direction of Davis's disorganized brigade. The Wisconsin
men paused at the fence along the pike and fired, which halted
Davis's attack on Cutler's men and caused many of them to seek
cover in the railroad cut. The 6th was joined by the 95th New
York and the 84th New York (also known as the 14th Brooklyn)
along the pike. The three regiments charged to the railroad cut,
where Davis's men were seeking cover. The three Union regiments
lost 390-440 of 1,184 engaged, but they had blunted Davis's
attack, prevented them from striking the rear of the Iron
10) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 11:30 A.M.
- The battlefield was temporarily quiet. Maj. Gen.
Oliver O. Howard was surveying the area from the roof of the
dry-goods store downtown at about 11:30 when he heard that
Reynolds had been killed and that he was now in command of all
Union forces on the field.
What was the name of the
- Baker Brotheres
- Fahnestock Brothers
- Harry Showalter and Sons
11) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 12:30 A.M.
- Confederate forces were on the way with two divisions of the
Second Corps, commanded by Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, were
approaching Gettysburg from the north, from the towns of
Carlisle and York. The five brigades of Maj. Gen. Robert
E. Rodes marched down the Carlisle Road but left it before
reaching town to advance down the wooded crest of Oak Ridge,
where they could link up with the left flank of Hill's Corps.
Who commands the four brigades down the Harrisburg Road.
- Jubal A. Early
- Marcus Canby
- John S. Mosby
- JEB Stuart
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July
1, 1863, 1:00 P.M. - Union generals reorganized their
lines as more units of the I Corps arrived. First on hand was
the Corps Artillery under Col. Charles S. Wainwright, followed
by two brigades from Doubleday's division, now commanded by
Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Rowley, which Doubleday placed on either
end of his line.
What Corps arrived from the south
before noon, moving up the Taneytown and Emmitsburg Roads.
- II Cops
- VI Corps
- XI Corps
- XII Corps