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Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Afternoon

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg: First Day: Afternoon?  Try this Alan's Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.   "Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof ABE1) OAK HILL, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 2:00 P.M. - Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes initially sends three brigades south against Union troops that represent the right flank of the I Corps and the left flank of the XI Corps.
Who is NOT a Confederate brigade commander?

  • George P. Doles
  • Edward A. O'Neal
  • Alfred Iverson.
  • Thomas Paine

2) MUMMASBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 2:15 P.M. - The Confederate commander fails to perform even a rudimentary reconnaissance and send their men forward blindly while he stays in the rear. Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter's brigade is concealed in woods behind a stone wall and rise to fire withering volleys from less than 100 yards away, creating over 800 casualties among the 1,350 North Carolinians. Stories are told about groups of dead bodies lying in almost parade-ground formations, heels of their boots perfectly aligned. (The bodies are later buried on the scene, and this area is today known as "Iverson's Pits".)

  • True or False?

3) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 2:00 P.M. - General Robert E. Lee arrive on the battlefield.

  • True or False?

4) MUMMASBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:00 P.M. - Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter's brigade is worn down and out of ammunition. He withdraws his brigade, and Gen. John C. Robinson replaces it with the brigade of Brig. Gen. Gabriel R. Paul. Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes then commits his two reserve brigades: Brig. Gens. Junius Daniel and Dodson Ramseur. Ramseur attacks first, but Paul's brigade holds its crucial position. Paul has a bullet go in one temple and out the other, blinding him permanently (he survives the wound and lives 20 more years after the battle).
Before the end of the day, how many other commanders of that brigade are wounded.

  • zero
  • one
  • two
  • three

5) CHAMBERSBURG PIKE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:00 P.M. - Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel's North Carolina brigade attempts to break the Union�s I Corps line to the southwest along the Pike. They run into stiff resistance from Col. Roy Stone's Pennsylvania brigade in the same area around the railroad cut as the morning's battle. Fierce fighting eventually grounds to a standstill.
What is the name of Stone's brigade?

  • "Hardcore Brigade"
  • "Bucktail Brigade"
  • "Cotton Brigade"
  • "Hard Rock Brigade"

6) LUTHERAN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:00 - Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew's North Carolinians, the largest brigade in the army, drives back the Union's Iron Brigade in some of the fiercest fighting of the war. The Iron Brigade is pushed out of the woods, made three temporary stands in the open ground to the east, but then has to fall back toward the Lutheran Theological Seminary. Brig. Gen. Solomon Meredith is downed with a head wound, made all the worse when his horse falls on him. He dies three days later from the wounds.

  • True or False?

7) McPHERSON RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:15 P.M. - Casualties are severe this afternoon. The 26th North Carolina (the largest regiment of the army with 839 men) loses heavily, leaving the first day's fight with around 212 men. Their commander, Colonel Henry K. Burgwyn, is fatally wounded by a bullet through his chest. By the end of the three-day battle, they have about 152 men standing, the highest casualty percentage for one battle of any other regiment, North or South.

  • True or False?

8) McPHERSON RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:30 P.M. - He is the highest ranking casualty of this engagement, who is struck by a bullet in the head. He is apparently saved because he has stuffed wads of paper into a new hat, which is otherwise too large for his head. But there are two consequences to this glancing blow. He is unconscious for over 24 hours and has no further command involvement in the three-day battle.
Who is the highest ranking casualty of this engagement.

  • Thomas Jackson
  • Harry Reed
  • George Patton, Sr.
  • Henry Heth

9) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 3:30 P.M. - Making things more difficult, a Union unit advances much farther north than Schimmelfennig's division, occupying a 50-foot elevation above Rock Creek named Blocher's Knoll.
Ever since the battle, what is Blocher's Knoll known as?

  • Butcher Hallow
  • Kingdom Come
  • Barlow's Knoll
  • Baker's Ridge

10) HARRISBURG ROAD, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 - Richard Ewell's second division, sweeps down the , deploys in a battle line three brigades wide, almost a mile across and almost half a mile wider than the Union defensive line.
Who commanded the division?

  • George Macon
  • Tyler Jones
  • Jubal Early
  • Edward Robinson

11) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863 - The collapse of the XI Corps is complete after a fight of less than an hour. They suffered 3,200 casualties (1,400 of them prisoners), about half the number sent forward from Cemetery Hill.
What is the time?

  • 2:00 p.m.
  • 4:00 p.m.
  • 6:00 p.m.
  • 8:00 p.m.

12) SEMINARY RIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA, July 1, 1863, 4:00 P.M. - The brigade of Brig. Gen. Alfred M. Scales attacks first, on the northern flank. His five regiments of 1,400 North Carolinians are virtually annihilated in one of the fiercest artillery barrages of the war, rivaling Pickett's Charge to come, but on a more concentrated scale. Twenty guns spaced only 5 yards apart fire spherical case, explosive shells, canister, and double canister rounds into the approaching brigade, which emerges from the fight with only 500 men standing and a single lieutenant in command. Scales writes afterwards that he finds "only a squad here and there marked the place where regiments had rested."

  • True or False?

Check Your Answers


 

Battle of Gettysburg
First Day: Afternoon (Answers
)

  1. Brig. Gen. Thomas Paine
  2. True
  3. three
  4. "Bucktail Brigade"
  5. 2:30 pm
  6. False. He is disabled and unfit for any further field command
  7. True
  8. Henry Heth
  9. Barlow's Knoll
  10. Jubal Early
  11. 4:00 p.m.
  12. True

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