Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: Culp's Hill (July 2, 1863)
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Second Day: Culp's
Alan's U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
Culp's Hill was a key terrain feature in Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, overlooking the main downtown area from the
southeast. It consisted of two rounded peaks, separated by a
narrow saddle. The higher peak was of similar height to its
neighbor to the west, Cemetery Hill, but it was heavily wooded
and had a steep slope east to Rock Creek, 160 feet lower in
elevation. What is the higher peaks elevation above sea
- 227 feet above sea level
- 427 feet above sea level
- 627 feet above sea level
- 827 feet above sea level
2) On the morning of July 2, the XII Corps
arrived and fortified the hill. Brigadier General George S.
Greene, who at 62 was the oldest Union general on the field, was
a brigade commander in the division of Maj. Gen. John W. Geary.
As a civil engineer before the war, he had a natural
understanding of the value of defensive works. His division and
corps commanders did not believe they will be stationed at
Culp's Hill very long and did not share his enthusiasm for
constructing breastworks, but they did not oppose his efforts.
He set his troops to the task of felling trees and collecting
rocks and earth to create very effective defensive positions.
3) That morning, Confederate General Robert E.
Lee orders attacked on both ends of the Union line. Lt. Gen.
James Longstreet attacked with his First Corps on the Union left
(Little Round Top, Devil's Den, the Wheatfield). Lt. Gen.
Richard S. Ewell was assigned the mission of launching a
simultaneous demonstration against the Union right, a minor
attack that was intended to distract and pin down the Union
defenders against Longstreet. What Corps does
- First Corps
- Second Corps
- Third Corps
- Fourth Corps
4) Ewell began his demonstration upon hearing
the sound of Longstreet's guns to the south. What
is the time?
- 2 p.m.
- 4 p.m.
- 6 p.m.
- 8 p.m.
5) Army of the Potomac commander, Maj. Gen.
George G. Meade was occupied with the fierce fighting on his
left flank and is scrambling to send as many reinforcements as
possible. He ordered Slocum to send the XII Corps in support.
Greene's brigade was left with the sole responsibility for
defending Culp's Hill.
6) July 2, 1863 7:00 P.M.
- Ewell chose to begin his main infantry assault. He sent three
brigades (4,700 men) from his division of across Rock Creek and
up the eastern slope of Culp's Hill. Who is the
- Edward "Allegheny" Johnson
- Edward Cummings
- Edward Steele
- Edward "Tennessee" Arnold
7) On the Confederate right flank, John M.
Jones's brigade of Virginians had the most difficult terrain to
cross, the steepest part of Culp's Hill. As they scramble
through the woods and up the rocky slope, they were shocked at
the strength of the Union breastworks on the crest. Their
charges were beaten off with relative ease by the 60th New York,
which suffered very few casualties. Confederate casualties were
high, including General Jones, who was wounded and left the
field. One of the New York officers wrote "without breastworks
our line would have been swept away in an instant by the
hailstorm of bullets and the flood of men."
8) In the center, the Louisiana brigade had a
similar experience to Jones's. The attackers were essentially
invisible in the dark except for brief instances when they fire,
but the defensive works were impressive, and the 78th and 102nd
New York regiments suffered few casualties in a fight that
lasted four hours.
Who commands the Louisiana brigade?
- Jesse M. Williams
- Jesse R. Wright
- Thomas Colins
- Myron E. Williams
9) Two regiments on George H. Steuart's left,
the 23rd and 10th Virginia, outflank the works of the 137th New
York. Like the fabled 20th Maine of Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain
on Little Round Top earlier this afternoon, the 137th New York
found they were on the extreme end of the Union army, fending
off a strong flanking attack. Under heavy pressure, the New
Yorkers were forced back to occupy a traversing trench that
Greene had engineered facing south. They essentially held their
ground and protect the flank, but they lost almost a third of
their men in doing so. Because of the darkness and Greene's
brigade's heroic defense, Steuart's men did not realize that
they have almost unlimited access to the main line of
communication for the Union army, the Baltimore Pike, only 600
yards to their front.
Who commands the 137th New York?
- Timothy Irons
- Randolph Morgan
- David Ireland
- William J. Johnson
10) In the confusion of fighting in the dark,
the 1st North Carolina, brought up from the reserves, fired on
the Confederate 1st Maryland Battalion by mistake. (In
Gettysburg National Military Park, the monument to this
battalion refers to the "2nd Maryland" so that it would not be
confused with the two Union regiments named 1st Maryland in