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Battle of Gettysburg
Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 1)

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 1)?
Try this U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Take 2 points for each right answer.  Maximum this page: 20 points!

Battle of Gettysburg1) Pickett's Charge was planned for a single Confederate division, commanded by Maj. Gen. George Pickett, consisting of troops from Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's First Corps.

  • True or False?

2) The target of the Confederate assault was the center of the Union Army of the Potomac's II Corps.
Who commanded II Corps?

  1. Maj. Gen. Wade Forest

  2. Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock

  3. Maj. Gen. Owen Wilson

3) Directly in the center was the division of Brig. Gen. John Gibbon with the brigades of Brig. Gen. William Harrow, Col. Norman J. Hall, and Brig. Gen. Alexander S. Webb. On the night of July 2, Union commander General George G. Meade correctly predicted to Gibbon at a council of war that Lee would try an attack on Gibbon's sector the following morning.

  • True or False?

4) General Meade's headquarters were just behind the II Corps line, in the small house.
Who owned the house?

  1. widow Lydia Arnold

  2. widow Lydia Leister

  3. widow Lydia Pickle

5) The specific objective of the assault has been the source of historical controversy. Traditionally, the "copse of trees" on Cemetery Ridge has been cited as the visual landmark for the attacking force. Historical treatments such as the 1993 film Gettysburg continue to popularize this view, which originated in the work of the Gettysburg Battlefield historian in the 1880s.
Who was the historian?

  1. John B. Bachelder

  2. John Baker

  3. Wesley Collins

6) Some Gettysburg National Military Park historians have suggested that Lee's goal was actually a more prominent and highly visible grouping of trees about 300 yards north of the “copse of trees.” The debated theory suggests that Lee's general plan for the second-day attacks had not changed on the third day, and the attacks on July 3 were also aimed at securing the hill and the network of roads it commanded. The “copse of trees,” currently a prominent landmark, was under ten feet high in 1863, only visible to a portion of the attacking columns from certain parts of the battlefield. What is the landmark?

  1. Peach Orchard along the Emmitsburg Road

  2. Spangler’s Woods on Seminary Ridge

  3. Ziegler's Grove on Cemetery Hill

7) From the beginning of the planning, things went awry for the Confederates. While Pickett's division had not been used yet at Gettysburg, A.P. Hill's health became an issue and he did not participate in selecting which of his troops were to be used for the charge. Some of Hill's corps had fought lightly on July 1 and not at all on July 2. However, troops that had done heavy fighting on July 1 ended up making the charge.

  • True or False?

8) Although the assault is known to popular history as Pickett's Charge, who did Lee give overall command too?

  1. Andrew Johnson

  2. James Longstreet

  3. John S. Mosby

9) In conjunction with the infantry assault, Lee planned a cavalry action in the Union rear. The cavalry commander led his cavalry division to the east, prepared to exploit Lee's hoped-for breakthrough by attacking the Union rear and disrupting its line of communications (and retreat) along the Baltimore Pike. 
Who was the cavalry commader?

  1. Lt. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill

  2. Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood

  3. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart

10) Some of the many criticisms of Robert E. Lee’s Gettysburg performance by the postbellum Lost Cause authors cite this failure as evidence that he deliberately undermined his plan for the battle.

  • True or False?


Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 1)
[Answers]

1) False.  Pickett's Charge was planned for three Confederate divisions, commanded by Maj. Gen. George Pickett, Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew, and Maj. Gen. Isaac R. Trimble, consisting of troops from Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's First Corps and Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps. 2) B.  3) True  4) B.  5) A.  6) C. 7) True   8) B.  9) C.  10) FalseSome of the many criticisms of Longstreet's Gettysburg performance by the postbellum Lost Cause authors cite this failure as evidence that Longstreet deliberately undermined Lee's plan for the battle.

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