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Battle of Gettysburg
Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 2)

What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 2)?
Try this U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Take 2 points for each right answer.  Maximum this page: 20 points!

1) The infantry charge was preceded by what General Lee hoped would be a powerful and well-concentrated cannonade of the Union center, destroying the Union artillery batteries that could defeat the assault and demoralizing the Union infantry.  But a combination of inept artillery leadership and defective equipment doomed the barrage from the beginning.  Battle of Gettysburg
Who commanded Longstreet Corps artillery?

  1. Col. Edward Porter Alexander

  2. Col. Edward Clark

  3. Col. Edward Porter

2) The July 3 bombardment was likely the largest of the war, with hundreds of cannons from both sides firing along the lines for almost two hours.
When did the artillery fire begin?

  1. around 11 a.m.

  2. around 1 p.m.

  3. around 3 p.m.

3) Confederate guns fired from a line over two miles long, starting in the south at the Peach Orchard and running roughly parallel to the Emmitsburg Road.

  • True or False?

4) Despite its ferocity, the fire was mostly ineffectual. Confederate shells often overshot the infantry front lines, and the smoke covering the battlefield concealed that fact from the gunners.
How many Confederate guns were there along their front lines?

  1. between 150 and 170

  2. between 250 and 270

  3. between 350 and 370

5) Union artillery chief Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt had only about 80 guns available to conduct counter-battery fire; the geographic features of the Union line had limited areas for effective gun emplacement.

  • True or False?

6) Even Union Gen. George Meade was affected by the artillery, the Leister house was a victim of frequent overshots, and he had to evacuate with his staff.
Where did Meade move his staff?

  1. Devils Den

  2. Peach Orchard

  3. Powers Hill

7) The day was hot, 87 °F (31 °C) by one account and humid, and the Confederates suffered under the hot sun and from the Union counter-battery fire as they awaited the order to advance.
What was the temperature?

  1. 77 °F

  2. 87 °F

  3. 97 °F

8) When Union cannoneers overshot their targets, they often hit the massed infantry waiting in the woods of Seminary Ridge or in the shallow depressions just behind Alexander's guns, causing significant casualties before the charge began.

  • True or False?

9) Longstreet opposed the charge from the beginning, preferring his own plan for a strategic movement around the Union left flank. He claims to have told Lee: “It is my opinion that no fifteen thousand men ever arrayed for battle can take that position.”

  • True or False?

10) Gen. Lee nodded reluctantly to Pickett's request to step off. For Pickett, there was virtually no Confederate artillery with ammunition available to support his assault directly.

  • True or False?


Battle of Gettysburg
Second Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 2)
[Answers]

1) A.  2) B.  3) True  4) A.  5) True.  6) C.  7) B.  8) True.  9) True.  10) False Longstreet nodded reluctantly to Pickett's request to step off.  For Pickett, there was virtually no Confederate artillery with ammunition available to support his assault directly.

Score for this page: _______

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