Battle of Gettysburg
Third Day: Pickett’s Charge (part 2)
What do you know about Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day:
Pickett’s Charge (part 2)?
U.S. Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
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for each right answer. Maximum this page: 20
1) The infantry charge was preceded by what General Lee hoped
would be a powerful and well-concentrated cannonade of the Union
center, destroying the Union artillery batteries that could
defeat the assault and demoralizing the Union infantry. But a
combination of inept artillery leadership and defective
equipment doomed the barrage from the beginning.
Longstreet Corps artillery?
Col. Edward Porter Alexander
Col. Edward Clark
Col. Edward Porter
2) The July 3
bombardment was likely the largest of the war, with hundreds of
cannons from both sides firing along the lines for almost two
When did the artillery fire begin?
around 11 a.m.
around 1 p.m.
around 3 p.m.
3) Confederate guns fired
from a line over two miles long, starting in the south at the
Peach Orchard and running roughly parallel to the Emmitsburg
4) Despite its ferocity, the fire
was mostly ineffectual. Confederate shells often overshot the
infantry front lines, and the smoke covering the battlefield
concealed that fact from the gunners.
How many Confederate guns
were there along their front lines?
between 150 and 170
between 250 and 270
between 350 and 370
artillery chief Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt had only about 80 guns
available to conduct counter-battery fire; the geographic
features of the Union line had limited areas for effective gun
6) Even Union Gen. George Meade was affected by
the artillery, the Leister house was a victim of frequent overshots, and he had to evacuate with his staff.
Meade move his staff?
7) The day was hot, 87 °F (31 °C) by one account and
humid, and the Confederates suffered under the hot sun and from
the Union counter-battery fire as they awaited the order to
What was the temperature?
8) When Union cannoneers overshot their targets, they often
hit the massed infantry waiting in the woods of Seminary Ridge
or in the shallow depressions just behind Alexander's guns,
causing significant casualties before the charge began.
9) Longstreet opposed the charge from the beginning, preferring
his own plan for a strategic movement around the Union left
flank. He claims to have told Lee: “It is my opinion that no
fifteen thousand men ever arrayed for battle can take that
10) Gen. Lee nodded reluctantly to Pickett's request to step
off. For Pickett, there was virtually no Confederate artillery
with ammunition available to support his assault directly.