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First Battle of Bull Run: Background | Part 1 | Part 2 | Aftermath

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First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas): July 21, 1861 (Aftermath)

The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces) was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the City of Manassas.  It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War.

What do you know about The First Battle of Bull Run or the First Battle of Manassas?
Try this Alan’s US Civil War History Made Easy Quiz.
Check Your Answers” at the end of the page.

First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861) - Trivia powered by ABE1) Bull Run was the largest and bloodiest battle in American history up to that point. Union casualties were 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured; Confederate casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing.
Who was the first Confederate brigade commander to be killed in the Civil War?

  • Francis S. Bartow
  • Francis S. Henderson
  • Francis S. Miller

2) Union forces and civilians alike feared that Confederate forces would advance on Washington, D.C., with very little standing in their way.

  • True or False?

3) The Northern public was shocked at the unexpected defeat of their army when an easy victory had been widely anticipated. Both sides quickly came to realize the war would be longer and more brutal than they had imagined. On July 22 President Lincoln signed a bill that provided for the enlistment for more troops for up to three years of service.
What was the number of troops in the bill?

  • 50,000
  • 500,000
  • 5,000,000

4) The reaction in the Confederacy was more intense. There was much public celebration as the Southerners realized that despite their victory, the fewer battles that would inevitably come would mean less losses for their side as well.

  • True or False?

5) Who was considered the hero of the battle and was promoted that day by President Davis to full general in the Confederate Army?

  • P.G.T. Beauregard
  • Junior Johnson
  • Robert E. Lee

6) Stonewall Jackson, arguably the most important tactical contributor to the victory, received no special recognition, but would later achieve glory for what campaign?

  • 1862 Valley Campaign
  • 1862 West Virginia Campaign
  • 1862 Sharpsburg Campaign

7) Irvin McDowell bore the brunt of the blame for the Union defeat and was soon replaced by Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, who was named general-in-chief of all the Union armies.
What Union general was also relieved of command?

  • Robert Johnson
    Robert Moreland
    Robert Patterson

8) Battlefield confusion between the battle flags, especially the similarity of the Confederacy's "Stars and Bars" and the Union's "Stars and Stripes" when fluttering, led to the adoption of the Confederate Battle Flag, which eventually became the most popular symbol of the Confederacy and the South in general.

  • True or False

9) A lieutenant of the 5th U.S. Artillery was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions at First Manassas.  He would eventually rise to the rank of brevet Major General.  He would outlive all other general officers of the Civil War, dying in 1933 at the age of 97.
Who was the Union officer?

  • Adelbert Ames
  • George Chamberlin
  • Herbert Walker

10) Congressman Alfred Ely was captured by pursuing Confederates during the retreat after First Manassas. Ely spent five months in Libby Prison in Richmond, before being released. He returned to Washington and published an account of his experience the following year.
What state did Alfred Ely represent?

  • Maine
  • New York
  • Ohio

11) Capt. James Ricketts was wounded and captured while commanding a Union battery at First Manassas. His wife Fannie found him at a field hospital, and accompanied her husband to a Richmond prison to nurse him back to health. Ricketts survived.
What rank did James Ricketts end the war as?

  • Captain
  • Colonel
  • Major General
 

First Battle of Bull Run: July 21, 1861 (Aftermath)
[Answers]

  1. Francis S. Bartow

  2. True

  3. 500,000

  4. False. The reaction in the Confederacy was more muted.  There was little public celebration as the Southerners realized that despite their victory, the greater battles that would inevitably come would mean greater losses for their side as well.

  5. P.G.T. Beauregard

  6. 1862 Valley Campaign

  7. Robert Patterson

  8. True

  9. Adelbert Ames

  10. New York

  11. Major General

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