1. During the day four townspeople were killed, including the mayor.
2. Realizing his escape was cut, Brown took 9 of his captives and moved into
the smaller engine house, which would come to be known as John Brown's Fort. The
raiders barred off the windows and doors and exchanged the occasional volley
with the surrounding forces.
3. At one point Brown sent out his son, Watson, and another with a white
flag, but they were shot dead. The raid was rapidly deteriorating.
4. One of the raiders named William H. Leeman panicked and tried to escape by
swimming across the Potomac River. The townspeople, reportedly drunk, made sport
of shooting up Leeman's body.
5. During the intermittent shooting Brown's other son, Oliver was shot and
died after a brief period.
6. By 3:30 that afternoon President James Buchanan ordered a detachment of
U.S. Marines to march on Harper's Ferry.
7. The choice to command this detachment was Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee of
the 2nd U.S. Cavalry, who was on leave from Texas visiting his family in nearby
Arlington. Upon his arrival at Harpers Ferry, Lee first decided to close all the
local saloons in an attempt to control the townspeople drunken shooting.
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