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Shiloh: Battle Begins | April 6 | April 7 | Fallen Timbers | Aftermath

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Battle of Shiloh - April 6, 1862

What do you know about Battle of Shiloh?
Try this Alan’s US Civil War History Quiz.
Check Your Answers” at the end of the page.

Take 2 points for each right answer.  Maximum this page: 20 points!

Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup1) Johnston's approach and dawn assault achieved almost total strategic and tactical surprise.  The Union army had virtually no patrols in place for early warning.  Grant telegraphed to Halleck on the night of April 5, "I have scarcely the faintest idea of an attack (general one) being made upon us, but will be prepared should such a thing take place."

  • True or False?

2) Grant's senior commander in the encampment, did not believe that the Confederates were anywhere nearby. He discounted any possibility of an attack from the south, expecting that Johnston would eventually attack from the direction of Purdy, Tennessee, to the west.
Who was Grant's senior commander?

  1. Philip Sheridan
  2. George Crook
  3. William T. Sherman

3. Early that morning Colonel Everett Peabody, commanding Prentiss's 1st Brigade, had sent forward part of a regiment on a reconnaissance, and they became engaged with Confederate outposts at 5:15 a.m.
What was the regiment?

  1. 25th Missouri Infantry
  2. 25th Iowa Infantry
  3. 25th Kansas Infantry

4. Johnston's strategy was to emphasize the attack on his right flank to prevent the Union Army from reaching the Tennessee River, its supply line and avenue of retreat. He ordered his second in command to stay in the rear and direct men and supplies as needed.
Who was the second in command?

  1. P.G.T. Beauregard
  2. R.G. Armstrong
  3. George Scott

5) During this period, Sherman, who had been so negligent in preparation for the battle, became one of its most important elements.  He appeared everywhere along his lines, inspiring his raw recruits to resist the initial assaults despite staggering losses on both sides.  He received two minor wounds.
How many horses were shot out from under him?

  1. One horse
  2. Three horses
  3. Five horses

6. Sherman's division bore the brunt of the initial attack, and despite heavy fire on their position and their right flank crumbling, they fought on stubbornly. The Union troops slowly lost ground and fell back to a position behind Shiloh Church. John A. McClernand's division temporarily stabilized the position. However, Johnston's forces made steady progress until noon, rolling up Union positions one by one.

  • True or False?

7) General Grant was about ten miles down river on a gunboat at Savannah, Tennessee, that morning. On April 4, he had been injured when his horse fell and pinned him underneath. He was convalescing and unable to move without crutches. He heard the sound of artillery fire and raced to the battlefield.
What time did he arrive on the battlefield?

  1. 6:30 a.m.
  2. 8:30 a.m.
  3. 10:30 a.m.

8) Wallace arrived at the end of his march to find that Sherman had been forced back and was no longer where Wallace thought he was. Moreover, the battle line had moved so far that Wallace now found himself in the rear of the advancing Southern troops. He decided to turn his troops around and march back to Stoney Lonesome. He finally arrives back at Pittsburg Landing between 6:30 p.m. and 7 p.m.
what is Lew Wallace best known for today?

  1. Battlefield commander
  2. Territorial governor of New Mexico
  3. Author of Ben Hur

9) The main Union defensive line, starting at about 9:00 a.m., men of Prentiss's and W.H.L. Wallace's divisions established and held a position nicknamed the Hornet's Nest, in a field along a road now popularly called the "Sunken Road".
Who was mortally wounded at about 2:30 p.m. while leading attacks on the Union left?

  1. Albert Johnston
  2. Ben Johnson
  3. George Montgomery

10) Who's army began to arrive that evening, with his men fully on the scene by 4 a.m., in time to turn the tide the next day?

  1. Don Carlos Buell
  2. George Meade
  3. George Crook

Battle of Shiloh - April 6, 1862
[Answers]

1) True 2) C. 3) A. 4) A. 5) B. 6) True 7) B.  8) C. 9) A. 10) A.

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