S. Grant: Civil War 1861-July, 1863
Born: April 27, 1822
Died: July 23, 1885 (age 63)
Shortly after Confederate forces fired upon Fort
Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln put out a call for 75,000 militia
volunteers. Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers and accompanied
it to Springfield, the capital of Illinois. Grant accepted a position
offered by Illinois Governor Richard Yates to recruit and train
volunteers, which he accomplished with efficiency.
What do you know about
Grant during the Civil War?
Try this US Civil War Trivia quiz.
1) Grant pressed for a field command. In June 1861,
Gov. Yates appointed him a colonel in the Illinois militia and gave him
command of undisciplined and rebellious regiment.
What was the regiment?
1st Illinois Infantry
21st Illinois Infantry
35th Illinois Infantry
2) In August, Grant was appointed brigadier general
of the militia volunteers by Lincoln, who had been lobbied by Congressman Elihu Washburne. At the end of August, Grant was selected by Western
Theater commander to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
Who was the Western Theater commander?
Major General Claiborne Jackson
Major General John C.
Major General John Sullivan
3) Grant's first important strategic act of the war
was to take the initiative to seize a Ohio River town, immediately after
the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus,
What town did Grant seize?
4) He fought his first battle, an indecisive action
against Confederate Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, at Belmont, Missouri.
When did it happen?
5) At Fort Donelson, an old friend of Grant's and a
West Point classmate, and senior commander at the time, yielded to Grant's
hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate
Who was the old friend the helped give him the nickname
Simon B. Buckner
Gideon J. Pillow
6) The victory at Shiloh came at a high price; with
approximately 12,000 casualties on each side, it was the bloodiest battle
in the history of the United States up to that time and had unpleasant
repercussions for Grant. As previously planned, Grant's superior in the
Department of the Mississippi, Henry Halleck, arrived at Pittsburg Landing
to take personal command in the field.
7) Grant was given the position of second-in-command
of the entire 100,000-man force. He became very dissatisfied with this
arrangement, which he complained was a censure and akin to an arrest. He
explored the possibility of obtaining an assignment elsewhere and might
have left the Army altogether after the Union forces occupied Corinth on
May 30. The intervention of his subordinate and good friend, , caused him
Who was the friend?
William T. Sherman
8) In an attempt to capture the Mississippi River
fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Grant spent the winter of 1862-1863
conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the
region's bayous. These attempts failed. One newspaper complained that
"[t]he army was being ruined in mud-turtle expeditions, under the
leadership of a drunkard, whose confidential adviser [Sherman] was a
9) Knowing that the Confederates could no longer
send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won
the Battle of Champion Hill. The Confederates retreated inside their
fortifications at Vicksburg, and Grant promptly surrounded the city.
Finding that assaults against the impregnable breastworks were futile, he
settled in for a six-week siege. Cut off and with no possibility of
relief, John C. Pemberton surrendered to Grant.
On what date did Pemberton
July 2, 1863
July 3, 1863
July 4, 1863
10) It was a devastating defeat for the Southern
cause, effectively splitting the Confederacy in two, and, in conjunction
with the Union victory at Gettysburg the previous day, is widely
considered the turning point of the war. For this victory, President
Lincoln promoted Grant to the rank of major general in the regular army,
effective July 4.