S. Grant: Civil War Mid 1863 to 1865
Born: April 27, 1822
Died: July 23, 1885 (age 63)
One historian with a military background has written
that "we must go back to the campaigns of Napoleon to find equally
brilliant results accomplished in the same space of time with such a small
loss." Indeed, anticipating that Grant would soon capture Vicksburg,
Abraham Lincoln declared that "if Grant only does this thing down
there . . ., why, Grant is my man and I am his the rest of this war."
What do you know about Ulysses S.
Grant? Try this US Civil War Trivia quiz.
1) On October 17, Grant was placed in command of the
sweeping, newly-created Military Division of the Mississippi; this command
placed Grant in overall charge of the previously independent Departments
of the Ohio, the Cumberland (embracing Chattanooga), and the Tennessee.
Who took command of the Deport of the Tennessee?
- George H. Thomas
- William F. "Baldy" Smith
- William T. Sherman
2) Grant's willingness to fight and ability to win
impressed President Lincoln, who appointed him to a rank not awarded since
George Washington (or Winfield Scott's brevet appointment), recently
re-authorized by the U.S. Congress with Grant in mind�on March 2, 1864.
What was the rank?
- Lieutenant general
- Full general
- Colonel general
3) He devised a coordinated strategy that would
strike at the heart of the Confederacy from multiple directions: Who was NOT
one of the commanding generals against Lee near Richmond?
- George G. Meade
- Benjamin Franklin Butler
- Matthew Ridgeway
4) Grant was the first general to attempt such a
coordinated strategy in the war and the first to understand the concepts
of total war, in which the destruction of an enemy's economic
infrastructure that supplied its armies was as important as tactical
victories on the battlefield.
5) It was the military thrust needed by the Union to
defeat the Confederacy. It pitted Grant against the great commander Robert
E. Lee in an epic contest. It began on May 4, 1864, when the Army of the
Potomac crossed the Rapidan River. What was the campaign?
6) How long did the Battle of Spotsylvania Court
7) What was one of Grant's most controversial
battles, in which he launched on June 3 a massive three-corps assault
without adequate reconnaissance on a well-fortified defensive line,
resulting in horrific casualties?
- Cold Harbor
- James Harbor
- Richmond Falls
8) In early September, the efforts of Grant's
coordinated strategy finally bore fruit. First, Sherman took Atlanta.
Then, Grant dispatched Philip Sheridan to the Shenandoah Valley to deal
with Jubal A. Early. It became clear to the people of the North that the
war was being won, and Lincoln was re-elected by a wide margin. Later in
November, Sherman began his March to the Sea. Sheridan and Sherman both
followed Grant's strategy of total war by destroying the economic
infrastructures of the Valley and a large swath of Georgia and the
9) Grant invited Lincoln to visit his headquarters
at City Point, Virginia. By coincidence, Sherman (then campaigning in
North Carolina) who happened to visit City Point at the same time. This
allowed for the war's only three-way meeting of Lincoln, Grant, and
Sherman. What was the date?
- February 1865
- March 1865
- August 1865
10) After the war, on July 25, 1866, Congress
authorized the newly created rank of General of the Army of the United
States, the equivalent of a full general in the modern United States Army.
Grant was appointed as such by President Andrew Johnson on the same day.
How many stars