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American Civil War - 1862

Trivia powered by Prof. WalterCelebrate the Civil War: 150 Year Anniversary

January

  • January 3: Battle of Cockpit Point, Virginia, an inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.

  • January 5 – 6: Battle of Hancock, Maryland, an unsuccessful Confederate attack on Maryland town.

  • January 8: Battle of Roan's Tan Yard, Missouri, a Union victory: Confederates routed.

  • January 10:

    • John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California, is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford.

    • Battle of Middle Creek, Kentucky, a Union victory: Union forces under James A. Garfield defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.

  • January 18: John Tyler, 10th President of the United States dies. (born 1790)

  • January 19: Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky a Union victory, Felix Zollicoffer killed.

  • January 30: The first US ironclad warship, the USS Monitor, is launched.

  • January 31: Alvan Graham Clark makes the first observation of Sirius B, a white dwarf star, through an eighteen inch telescope at Northwestern University.

February

  • February 1: Julia Ward Howe's Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.

  • February 6: General Ulysses S. Grant gives the United States its first victory of the war, by capturing Fort Henry, Tennessee.

  • February 7–8: Battle of Roanoke Island North Carolina, a Union victory: Union forces under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island.

  • February 10: Battle of Elizabeth City, North Carolina. It is as a Union victory: Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.

  • February 11–16: Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, a Union victory: Confederate army surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland River

  • February 20 - 21: Battle of Valverde fought near Fort Craig in New Mexico Territory. Confederate victory: Union forces routed in New Mexico Territory.

  • February 22: Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated in Richmond, Virginia, to a 6-year term as president of the Confederate States of America.

  • February 28 –April 8: Battle of Island Number Ten (Battle of New Madrid) , Missouri. A Union victory: Union victory by Pope.

March

March 6-8: The Battle of Pea Ridge: The Confederates are shut out of Missouri. Union victory: Union victory ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
March 8: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
March 8 – 9: Battle of Hampton Roads: The first battle between two ironclad warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia.
March 13: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
March 14: Battle of New Bern, North Carolina. It was a Union victory: Union troops disembark from ships and capture the town.
March 23: First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, a Union victory. Union forces defeat Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
March 23–26: Battle of Fort Macon, North Carolina. It was a Union victory: Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
March 28: Battle of Glorieta Pass: In New Mexico, Union forces succeed in stopping the Confederate invasion of New Mexico territory (the battle began on March 26).
March 30: Stanwix Station, Arizona (New Mexico Territory at the time) Union victory: Westernmost skirmish of the war.

April
April 5- May 4: Battle of Yorktown: The battle begins when Union forces under General George B. McClellan close in on the Confederate capital Richmond, Virginia.
April 6: In Tennessee, the Battle of Shiloh begins.
April 7: Battle of Shiloh: Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeats the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
April 10–11: Battle of Fort Pulaski, Georgia. Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
April 12: Andrew's Raid Union volunteers steal a Confederate locomotive, setting off The Great Locomotive Chase.
April 15:
Battle of Peralta, New Mexico (New Mexico Territory at the time) Union victory: Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Battle of Picacho Pass. Arizona (New Mexico Territory at the time) Confederate victory: Confederate pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
April 18–28: Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Louisiana, a Union victory: Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
April 19: Battle of South Mills, North Carolina. Inconclusive: Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
April 25 - May 1: Forces under Union Admiral David Farragut capture the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
April 26: The besieged Confederate garrison at Fort Macon, North Carolina surrenders.
April 29 – May 30: Siege of Corinth, Mississippi. It is a Union victory: Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.

May
May 2: The California State Normal School (now San Jose State University) is created by an Act of the California Legislature.
May 5: Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia. Inconclusive: McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
May 7: Battle of Eltham's Landing, Virginia. It is a inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
May 8–9: Battle of McDowell, Virginia. It is a Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces.
May 11: American Civil War: The ironclad CSS Virginia is scuttled in the James River northwest of Norfolk, Virginia.
May 15:
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture (later renamed the Department of Agriculture).
Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. A Confederate victory: Union naval attack repelled by Confederate artillery.
May 15–17: Battle of Princeton Court House, West Virginia (Virginia at the time). It is a Confederate victory.
May 19: Battle of Whitney's Lane, Arkansas. Union victory: Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
May 20:
Capture of Tucson (1862), Arizona. (New Mexico Territory at the time) Union victory: A Union force of 2,000 took the city from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law.
May 23: Battle of Front Royal, Virginia. A Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their retreat.
May 25: First Battle of Winchester, Virginia. A Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P. Banks.
May 27: Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia. It is a Union victory.
May 31 –June 1: Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia. Inconclusive: J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces, wounded, inconclusive

June
June 1:
Robert E. Lee takes command of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Battle of Fair Oaks: Both sides claim victory.
June 4: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
June 5: Battle of Tranter's Creek, North Carolina. It is a Union victory: Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is killed.
June 6: Battle of Memphis: Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee from the Confederates
June 7–8: First Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee. It is a Union victory: Union forces bombard the town.
June 8: Battle of Cross Keys: Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
June 9: Battle of Port Republic, Virginia. Confederate victory: Costly victory for Stonewall Jackson.
June 12: John Winter Robinson, Secretary of State of Kansas, is convicted and removed from office as the result of a bond scandal, becoming the first state executive official to be impeached and removed from office in U.S. history.
June 16: Battle of James Island (Battle of Secessionville), South Carolina. Confederate victory: Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders.
June 17: Battle of Saint Charles, Arkansas. Union victory: The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and explodes.
June 21: Battle of Simmon's Bluff, South Carolina. A Union victory:
June 25: Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between McClellan and Lee.
June 26: Battle of Mechanicsville: Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union General George McClellan in the first of the Seven Days' Battles.
June 26: Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, Virginia. Union victory: (Seven Days) Robert E. Lee defeated.
June 27: Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia. Confederate victory: (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
June 27–28: Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm, Virginia. Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and McClellan.
June 29: Battle of Savage's Station, Virginia. It is inconclusive: (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
June 30 – July 1: Battle of Tampa, Florida. It’s a Confederate victory: Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
June 30:
Battle of Glendale, Virginia. Inconclusive: (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
Battle of White Oak Swamp, Virginia. Inconclusive: Indecisive artillery duel.

July
July 1:
United States president Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Pacific Railway Acts, authorizing construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Union victory: (Seven Days) McClellan defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
July 2: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the Morrill Land Grant Act into law, creating land-grant colleges to teach agricultural and mechanical sciences across the United States.
July 7: Battle of Cotton Plant (Battle of Hill's Plantation), Arkansas. It is a Union victory.
July 13: First Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Confederate victory.
July 16: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.
July 19: Morgan's Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the North is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
July 23: Henry W. Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
July 24: Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States dies. (born 1782)

August
August 2: Skirmish at Taberville, Missouri: Union forces force Confederate troops to march south, near Taberville.
August 5: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back into the city.
August 6: The Confederate ironclad CSS Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering damage in a battle with the USS Essex near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
August 6–9: Battle of Kirksville, Missouri. It is a Union victory after Union forces capture town.
August 9:
Battle of Cedar Mountain: At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
First Battle of Donaldsonville, Louisiana. It is a Union victory.
August 11:
First Battle of Independence, Missouri. Confederate victory: Confederate victory near Kansas City.
Battle of Compton's Ferry, Missouri. Union victory:
August 14: Abraham Lincoln meets with a group of prominent African-Americans – the first time a President has done so. He suggests Black people should migrate to Africa or Central America, but this advice is rejected.
August 15–16: Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri. Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle.
August 17: Dakota War: A Lakota (Sioux) uprising begins in Minnesota as Lakota Sioux attack white settlements along the Minnesota River. They are overwhelmed by the U.S. military 6 weeks later.
August 19: Dakota War: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
August 21–22: Battle of Fort Ridgely, Minnesota. * Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union controlled fort.
August 22–25: First Battle of Rappahannock Station, Virginia. Inconclusive: Union supplies destroyed during skirmish.
August 25–27: Battle of Manassas Station Ops., Virginia. It is a Confederate victory: Jackson turns into Pope's rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
August 28: Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia. Confederate victory: Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
August 28–August 30: Second Battle of Bull Run: Confederate forces inflict a crushing defeat on Union General John Pope.
August 30: Battle of Richmond (Kentucky), Kentucky. Confederate victory: Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson.

September
September 1: Battle of Chantilly: Confederate General Robert E. Lee leads his forces in an attack on retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia, driving them away.
September 2: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
September 5: In the Confederacy's first invasion of the North, General Robert E. Lee leads 55,000 men of the Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac River at White's Ford near Leesburg, Virginia, into Maryland.
September 12–15: Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Virginia at the time) Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson captures Union garrison.
September 13: Battle of Charleston (1862), West Virginia (Virginia at the time) Confederate victory: Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha Valley offensive.
September 14:
Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland. Union victory: Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
Battle of South Mountain, Maryland. Union victory: McClellan defeats Lee.
September 14–17: Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
September 17:
Battle of Antietam: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at Sharpsburg, Maryland, in the bloodiest day in U.S. history (with over 22,000 casualties).
The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
September 19: Battle of Iuka: Union troops under Major General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by Major General Sterling Price at Iuka, Mississippi.
September 19–20: Battle of Shepherdstown , West Virginia (Virginia at the time) Confederate victory: Confederate brigades counterattack and defeat pursuing Union brigades.
September 22: Preliminary announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln
September 23: Battle of Wood Lake, Minnesota. * Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
September 24: First Battle of Sabine Pass, Texas. It is a Union victory.
September 30: First Battle of Newtonia , Missouri. Union victory: Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate artillery.

October
October 1–3: Battle of Saint John's Bluff, Florida. It’s a Union victory.
October 3–4: Second Battle of Corinth (Battle of Corinth), Mississippi. It is a Union victory after the Confederate attack fails.
October 4: Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862) (First Battle of Galveston), Texas. Union victory:
October 5: Battle of Hatchie's Bridge, Tennessee. Inconclusive: Confederate force under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
October 8: Battle of Perryville: Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
October 11: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the North.
October 22:
Battle of Old Fort Wayne, Oklahoma (Indian Territory at the time) Union victory:
Battle of Pocotaligo, South Carolina. Confederate victory: Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the Charleston & Savannah railroad.
October 27: Battle of Georgia Landing , Louisiana. Union victory:
October 27–29: Skirmish at Island Mound, Missouri Union victory:

November
November 5:
Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Union Army.
Dakota War: In Minnesota, more than 300 Santee Sioux are found guilty of rape and murder of white settlers and are sentenced to hang.
November 7: Battle of Clark's Mill, Missouri. Confederate victory: Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
November 14: Union President Abraham Lincoln approves General Ambrose Burnside's plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia (this leads to a dramatic Union defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13).
November 28: Battle of Cane Hill: Union troops led by General John Blunt push back Confederate forces commanded by General John Marmaduke into northwestern Arkansas' Boston Mountains.

December
December 1: In his State of the Union Address, President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered 10 weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.
December 2: The first U.S. Navy hospital ships enter service.
December 7:
Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas. Union victory: Union secures NW Arkansas.
Battle of Hartsville, Tennessee. Confederate victory: Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
December 13: Battle of Fredericksburg: The Union Army suffers massive casualties and abandons attempts to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
December 14: Battle of Kinston, North Carolina. Union victory: Union forces under John G. Foster defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
December 16: Battle of White Hall, North Carolina. Inconclusive: Foster fights indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
December 17: Battle of Goldsboro Bridge, North Carolina. Union victory: Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
December 18: General Order No. 11, expelling all Jews in his military district, is issued by General Ulysses S. Grant (it is rescinded a few weeks later).
December 19: Battle of Jackson, Tennessee, Tennessee. Union victory: Confederate feint to distract Union forces.
December 26: Dakota War: William D. Duly hangs 38 Dakota Sioux in Minnesota.
December 26–29: Battle of Chickasaw Bayou: Another victory for the Confederate Army, outnumbered 2 to 1, results in 6 times as many Union casualties, defeating several assaults coordinated by Union commander William T. Sherman.
December 30: The USS Monitor sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
December 31:
Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union (thus dividing Virginia in two).
Battle of Parker's Cross Roads Tennessee, a Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union double-pronged assault.
December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863: Battle of Stones River (Second Battle of Murfreesboro) Tennessee, a Union victory: Forces fight to draw.

 
 


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