Battle of Fort Henry
The Battle of Fort Henry was fought on
February 6, 1862, in western Tennessee, during the American
Civil War. It was the first important victory for the Union
and Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater.
What do you know about
the Battle of Fort Henry? Take this US Civil War Trivia quiz.
The Union military command in the West suffered from a lack of
unified command, organized into three separate departments:
the Department of Kansas, under Maj. Gen. David Hunter, the
Department of Missouri, under Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, and
the Department of the Ohio, under Brig. Gen. Don Carlos Buell.
Who did Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant report to?
- Maj. Gen. Hunter
- Maj. Gen. Halleck
- Brig. Gen. Buell
2. Who commanded thee US Navy Western
- Andrew Hull Foote
- Adam Wayne Stewart
- John Carlson Mosby
3. Fort Henry was a five-sided,
open-bastioned earthen structure covering 10 acres on the
eastern bank of the Tennessee River, near Kirkman's Old
Landing and Standing Rock Creek, nearly opposite the mouth of
the Sandy River. Construction began in mid-June, using men
from the 10th Tennessee Infantry and slaves. When was the
first cannon was test fired at the fort?
- July 12, 1861
- September 12, 1861
- November 12, 1861
4. A combination of effective naval
gunfire and poor sitting of the fort, almost completely
inundated by rising river waters, caused its commander, Brig.
Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, to surrender to the Navy commander before
the Army arrived.
5. The Confederate commander realized
that it was only a matter of time before Fort Henry fell. Only
nine guns remained above the water to mount a defense. While
leaving artillery in the fort to hold off the Union fleet, he
escorted the rest of his force out of the area and sent them
off on the overland route to Fort Donelson, twelve miles away.
Who was the commander?
- Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman
- Brig. Gen. Thomas Henry
- Brig. Gen. Lloyd Baldman
6. Seven gunboats began bombarding the
fort on February 6. This was the first engagement for the
Western Flotilla, using newly designed and hastily constructed
ironclads. A chance 32-pound shot penetrated one of the ships
and hit her middle boiler, sending scalding steam throughout
half of the ship. Thirty-two men were killed or wounded,
including her commander, William D. Porter, and she was out of
action for the remainder of the campaign. What was the ship?
- USS Cincinnati
- USS Essex
- USS St.
7. How long did the battle last?
- 75 minutes
- 3 hours
- 7.5 hours
8. Three timberclads, the Tyler, Conestoga,
and Lexington, on a mission up river to destroy
installations and supplies of military value. How for did the
- Muscle Shoals, Alabama
- Tygertown, Alabama
- Birmingham, Alabama
9. The raid also captured a variety of
Southern ships. What is NOT one of the ships
- Sallie Wood
10. When the Tennessee River was dammed
in the 1930s, creating Kentucky Lake, the remains of Fort
Henry were submerged permanently. A small navigation beacon
far from the Kentucky shoreline marks the location of the
northwest corner of the former fortification.