Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon, AZ 86023
Grand Canyon National Park
is one of the United States' oldest national parks and is located in
Arizona. Within the park lies the Grand Canyon, a gorge of the Colorado
River, considered to be one of the major natural wonders of the world.
The park covers 1,902 square miles of unincorporated area in Coconino
County and Mohave County.
What do you know about the Grand Canyon National
Park? Explore this Quick National Park Quiz.
1. Although first afforded Federal protection in
1893 as a Forest Reserve and later as a National Monument. When did it
become a National Monument?
- January 11, 1908
- January 11, 1909
- January 11, 1910
2. Grand Canyon did not achieve National Park
status until 1919, It was three years after the creation of the National
Park Service that it became a National Park. What was the date it
achieved the status?
- February 26, 1917
- February 26, 1918
- February 26, 1919
3. Today Grand Canyon National Park receives
4,413,668 (in 2007) visitors each year. What was the visitation in 1919?
4. When it because a National Park, there were no
utilities other than those of the Santa Fe Railroad, which were
antiquated and inadequate, and a rickety, 30-mile-long telephone system
inherited from the forest service. There were no automotive roads inside
park boundaries or within a 200-mile radius other than the National Old
Trails Highway (U.S. 66) 70 miles to the south and the Arrowhead Highway
(U.S. 91) more than 100 miles to the northwest.
5. The El Tovar Hotel, also known simply as El
Tovar, is a former Harvey House situated just 20 feet from the south rim
of the Grand Canyon in Arizona. The hotel was designed by Charles
Whittlesey, Chief Architect for the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe
Railway and in the chain of hotels and restaurants owned and operated by
the Fred Harvey Company in conjunction with the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe Railway (Santa Fe). When did the hotel open?
6. Bucky O'Neill Cabin was built during the 1890s
by William Owen O'Neill. He built the cabin because of a copper deposit
that was nearby. This cabin is the longest continually standing
structure in the South Rim.
7. Desert View Watchtower is a 70-foot-high stone
building located on the South Rim of the Grand Canyon within Grand
Canyon National Park in Arizona, United States. The four-story
structure, completed in 1932. Who designed Desert View Watchtower?
- Jean Peterson
- Mary Colter
- Mary Harvey
8. The Bright Angel Trail is a hiking trail
located in Grand Canyon National Park. What is the length of the trail?
- 8.1 miles
- 16.2 miles
- 24.4 miles
9. Who was the first European known to have viewed
the Grand Canyon was from Spain, who arrived in 1540.
- Garcia Lopez de Cardenas
- Wayne Fontana
- Francisco Vazquez de Coronado
10. In 1869, a one-armed Civil War veteran, made
the first recorded journey through the canyon on the Colorado River.
Powell referred to the sedimentary rock units exposed in the canyon as
"leaves in a great story book." Who was the Civil War veteran?
- Major John Wesley Powell
- Major John Wesley Harden
- Lt. Virgil Earp