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California History to 1769 Made Easy Trivia

Trivia powered by ABEHuman history in California begins with indigenous Americans first arriving in California some 13,000-15,000 years ago. Exploration and settlement by Europeans along the coasts and in the inland valleys began in the 16th century. 

California's acquisition by the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican-American War caused further American westward expansion into Mexico intensified with the California Gold Rush, beginning in 1849. California joined the Union as a free state in 1850, due to the compromise of 1850. 

By the end of the 19th century, California was still largely rural and agricultural but had a population of about 1.4 million.

What do you know about California History to 1769? Take this California History Made Easy Trivia quiz.

1. The remains of Arlington Springs Man on are among the traces of a very early habitation, dated to the Wisconsin glaciation (the most recent ice age) about 13,000 years ago. Where were the remains found?

  • Catalina Island
  • Santa Rosa Island
  • Death Valley

2. Some 30 tribes or culture groups lived in what is now California, gathered into different language family groups. How many different languages were spoken?

  • 3
  • 6
  • 9

3. About 1530, Nu�o Beltr�n de Guzm�n (President of New Spain) was told by an Indian slave of the Seven Cities of Cibola cities that had streets paved with gold and silver.

  • True or False?

4. The first European to explore the California coast was Juan Rodr�guez Cabrillo, a Portuguese navigator sailing for the Spanish Crown. In June 1542, Cabrillo led an expedition in two ships from the west coast of what is now Mexico. When did he land at San Diego Bay, claiming what he thought was the Island of California for Spain?

  • August 28
  • September 28
  • October 28

5. On June 7 1579, who was the English explorer that saw an excellent harbor, on a land-mass that he called Nova Albion and claimed for England.

  • Captain Hugo Kidd
  • Sir Horatio Hornblower
  • Sir Francis Drake

6. In 1602, the Spaniard Sebasti�n Vizca�no explored California's coastline as far north as Monterey Bay, where he put ashore. He ventured inland south along the coast, and recorded a visit to what is likely Carmel Bay. His major contributions to the state's history were the glowing reports of the Monterey area as an anchorage and as land suitable for settlement, as well as the detailed charts he made of the coastal waters (which were used for nearly 200 years).

  • True or False?

7. A British seafaring captain, midway through his third and final voyage of exploration in 1778, sailed along the west coast of North America aboard the HMS Resolution, mapping the coast from California all the way to the Bering Strait. Who was the captain?

  • James Cook
  • James Armstrong
  • Lord Sandwich

8. Reacting to interest by Russia and possibly Great Britain in the fur-bearing animals of the Pacific north coast, Spain further extended the series of Catholic missions, accompanied by troops and establishing ranches, along the southern and central coast of California. These missions were intended to demonstrate the claim of the Spanish Empire to modern-day California.

  • True or False?

9. Gaspar de Portol�'s explorers became the first Europeans known to view San Francisco Bay. Ironically, the Manila Galleons had sailed along this coast for almost 200 years by then, without noticing the bay. What was the date?

  • June 29, 1769
  • August 19, 1769
  • October 31, 1769

10. Who was the Franciscan that founded San Diego de Alcal� in 1769?

  • Jun�pero Serra
  • Juan Mar�a de Salvatierra
  • Jean-Fran�ois de Galaup

California History to 1769 Answers

  • Santa Rosa Island
  • 6
  • True
  • September 28
  • Sir Francis Drake
  • True
  • James Cook
  • True
  • October 31, 1769
  • Jun�pero Serra

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