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Pre-Columbia Texas Trivia

What do you know about Pre-Columbia Texas?
Try this Alan's State by State Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Trivia powered by Prof. Walter1) Texas lies at the juncture of two major cultural spheres of Pre-Columbian North America, the Southwestern and the Plains areas. The area now covered by Texas comprised three major indigenous cultures which had reached their developmental peak prior to the arrival of European explorers and are known from archaeology.
Who was NOT one of the Texas major indigenous cultures?

  • Cave Builders

  • Mesoamerica

  • Mound Builder

2) The Paleo-Indians that lived in Texas between 9200 6000 BC may have links to Clovis and Folsom cultures; these nomadic people hunted mammoths and bison latifrons using atlatls.  They extracted Alibates flint from quarries.
What Texas region were the quarries?

  • Panhandle
  • Rio Grande
  • Seacoast

3) Beginning during the 3rd millennium BC, the population of Texas increased despite experiencing a changing climate and the extinction of giant mammals. Many pictograms drawn on the walls of caves or on rocks are visible in the state, including at Hueco Tanks and Seminole Canyon.

  • True or False?

4) American Indians in East Texas began to settle in villages shortly after 5000 BC, farming and building the first burial mounds. They were influenced by the Mound Builder civilizations that lived in the Mississippi basin.

  • True or False?

5) In the area, populations were influenced by Mogollon culture influenced the population of what Texas region?

  • Mississippi
  • Rio Verde
  • Trans-Pecos

6) When did the bow and arrow begin to appear among the Texas' American Indians?

  • 4th century
  • 6th century
  • 8th century

7) Obsidian objects found in various Texan sites attest of trade with cultures in present day Mexico and the Rocky Mountains.

  • True or False?

8) No one culture was dominant in the present-day Texas region and many different peoples inhabited the area.
Who is NOT an American Indian tribes that lived inside the boundaries of present-day Texas?

  • Apache
  • Delaware
  • Kickapoo

9) American Indians determined the fate of European explorers and settlers depending on whether a tribe was friendly or warlike. Friendly tribes taught newcomers how to grow indigenous crops, prepare foods, and hunting methods for wild game. Warlike tribes made life unpleasant, difficult and dangerous for explorers and settlers through their attacks and resistance to European conquest.

  • True or False?

10) A remnant of a tribe in East Texas still lives in the Mt. Tabor Community near Amberly, Texas.
What is the tribe?

  • Choctaw
  • Moonsong
  • Wichita
Check Your Answers

Pre-Columbia Texas
[Answers]

  1. Cave Builders
  2. Panhandle
  3. True
  4. False. American Indians in East Texas began to settle in villages shortly after 500 BC, farming and building the first burial mounds. They were influenced by the Mound Builder civilizations that lived in the Mississippi basin.
  5. Trans-Pecos
  6. 8th century
  7. True
  8. Delaware
  9. True
  10. Choctaw
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