The War of 1812: Origins of the War
The War of 1812, between the United States of
America and the British Empire (particularly Great Britain and British
North America), lasts from 1812 to 1815. It is fought chiefly on the
Atlantic Ocean and on the land, coasts and waterways of North America.
What do you know about The War of
1812: Origins of the War?
Try this US History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers"
at the end of the page.
When did the United States declare war on Britain?
- June 18, 1810
- June 18, 1811
- June 18, 1812
- June 18, 1813
2) The war has many causes, but at the center of the
conflict was Britain's ongoing war with Napoleon's France.
3) The United States Merchant Marine has come close
to doubling between 1802 and 1810. Britain is the largest trading partner,
receiving 80% of all U.S. cotton and 50% of all other U.S. exports.
4) During the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Navy
expands to 175 ships of the line and 600 ships overall, requiring 140,000
sailors. A sizeable number of sailors in the United States merchant navy
are Royal Navy veterans or deserters who have left for better pay and
What is the estimated number of British sailors are in the US
5) American anger at impressments grew when British
frigates station themselves just outside U.S. harbors in U.S. territorial
waters and search ships for contraband and impressed men in view of U.S.
What is a rallying cry for the United States throughout the
- "Free trade and sailors' rights"
- "All For One and One for All"
- "America First"
- "Land of the Free"
6) American expansion into the Northwest Territory
(the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin) is
being obstructed by indigenous leaders, supplied and encouraged by the
Who was one of the indigenous leader?
- Brave Eagle
- Dance with Buffalo
7) President James Madison and his advisers believe
that conquest of Canada will be easy and that economic coercion will force
the British to come to terms by cutting off the food supply for their West
Indies colonies. Furthermore, possession of Canada will be a valuable
bargaining chip. Frontiersmen demand the seizure of Canada not because
they wanted the land, but because the British are thought to be arming the
Indians and thereby blocking settlement of the West.
8) In 1812, who says:
"The acquisition of Canada this year, as far as the neighborhood of
Quebec, will be a mere matter of marching, and will give us the experience
for the attack on Halifax, the next and final expulsion of England from
the American continent."?
- Aaron Burr
- John Adams
- Thomas Jefferson
- Willard Scott
9) On May 11, who is the Prime Minister that
is shot and killed by an assassin, resulting in a change of the British
government, putting Lord Liverpool in power?
- Spencer Perceval
- Abraham Isaac
- Randolph Churchill
- Jefferson Smith
10) Lord Liverpool wants a more practical
relationship with the United States. He issues a repeal of the Orders in
Council, but the U.S. is unaware of this and declares war.
How long does
it take for news to cross the Atlantic?
- One week
- Three weeks
- Six weeks
- Two months