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Braddock's Expedition
(May 29 - July 9, 1755)

Choose an answer from the three choices and True/False offered after each question and then "Check Your Answers" at the end of the quiz.

1. Braddock's expedition was just one part of a massive British offensive against the French in North America that summer. As commander-in-chief of the British Army in America, General Braddock led the main thrust, commanding two regiments (about 1,350 men) and about 500 regular soldiers and militiamen from several British American colonies. With these men Braddock expected to seize Fort Duquesne easily, and then push on to capture a series of French forts, eventually reaching Fort Niagara. Who knew the territory and served as a volunteer aide-de-camp to General Braddock?

  • George Washington
  • Daniel Boone
  • Daniel Morgan

2. Braddock marched from Fort Cumberland on May 29, 1755. The expedition faced an enormous logistical challenge: moving a large body of men with equipment, provisions, and (most importantly for the task ahead) heavy cannon, across the densely wooded Allegheny Mountains and into western Pennsylvania, a journey of about 110 miles. Braddock had received important assistance from a business leader, who helped procure wagons and supplies for the expedition. Who was the business leader?

  • Robert Morris
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • James Madison

3. The expedition progressed slowly because Braddock insisted in making a road to Fort Duquesne, in some cases moving as few as two miles a day, creating Braddock's Road. What is the route known as today?

  • U.S. Route 1
  • U.S. Route 40
  • U.S. Route 66

4. The French commander, after receiving reports from Indian scouting parties that the British were on their way to besiege the fort, realized that his fort could not withstand Braddock's cannon, decided to launch a preemptive strike: an ambush of Braddock's army as he crossed the Monongahela River. The Indian allies were initially reluctant to attack such a large British force, but the French commander, who dressed himself in full war regalia complete with war paint, convinced them to follow his lead. Who was the French commander?

  • Nicolas Catinat
  • Fernand Gambiez
  • Lienardde Beaujeu

5. Braddock's men crossed the Monongahela without opposition, about nine miles south of Fort Duquesne. What was the date?

  • June 15, 1755
  • July 9, 1755
  • August 1, 1755

6. French forces include: 637 natives, 105 regulars, and 147 militia. British forces were 1,500 regulars and militia. The French casualties were 39 killed and wounded. What was the British causalities?

  • 25 killed and wounded
  • 439 killed and wounded
  • 878 killed and wounded

7. Finally, after around an hour of intense combat, Braddock was shot off his horse, and effective resistance collapsed. However, Colonel Washington, with no official position in the chain of command, was able to impose and maintain some order and formed a rear guard, which allowed the force to evacuate and eventually disengage. This earned him the sobriquet Hero of the Monongahela, by which he was toasted, and established his fame for some time to come.

  • True or False?

8. On July 13, Braddock died of his wounds during the long retreat. Where is he buried?

  • Fort Necessity parklands
  • Uniontown, Pennsylvania unmarked grave
  • Fort Cumberland cemetery, Cumberland, Maryland

9. 50 or so women that accompanied the British column as maids and cooks. How many survived?

  • 4 survivors
  • 25 survivors
  • 35 survivors

10. And the colonists of "backcountry" Pennsylvania and Virginia now found themselves without professional military protection, scrambling to organize a defense. This brutal frontier war would continue until Fort Duquesne was finally abandoned by the French. What was the year the French left the Ohio Country?

  • 1758
  • 1760
  • 1776

Braddock's Expedition (May 29 - July 9, 1755)
[
Answers]

  1. George Washington
  2. Benjamin Franklin
  3. U.S. Route 40
  4. Lienard de Beaujeu
  5. July 9, 1755
  6. 878 killed and wounded
  7. True
  8. Fort Necessity parklands
  9. 4 survivors
  10. 1758

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