The Province of Maryland is an English colony
in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joins
the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against
Great Britain and becomes the U.S. state of Maryland.
What do you know about the Colonial
Maryland? Try this US History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.
Charles I of England grants the charter for Maryland, a
proprietary colony of about twelve million acres, to the 2nd Baron
Baltimore in the Peerage of Ireland, on June 20, 1632. What is the
name of the 2nd Baron Baltimore?
- George G. Meade
- Earl Hagger
- Robert Eden
- Cecilius Calvert
2) In Maryland, Baltimore
seeks to create a haven for a British religious group and to
demonstrate that religious groups could live together
harmoniously, even issuing the Act Concerning Religion in matters
of religion. Like other aristocratic proprietors, he also hopes to
turn a profit on the new colony. What is the British religious
3) The British ship lands at
St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634. The new settlers are led
by Lord Baltimore's younger brother, whom Baltimore has delegated
to serve as governor of the new colony. The 150 or so surviving
immigrants purchase land from the Yaocomico Indians and found St.
Mary's City. What is the name of the ship?
- The Ark and the Dove
- The Royal Passage
- Heaven�s Passage
- The 10 Commandments
4) In 1642, Maryland declares
war on the Susquehannocks. The Susquehannock with the help of New
Sweden defeat Maryland in 1644. The Susquehannocks remain in an
inactive state of war with Maryland until a peace treaty is
concluded in 1652.
5) From1644-1646, it is a
period of civil unrest in the Province of Maryland caused by the
tensions of the English Civil War. The Governor (1606-1647) leads
colonial defenses against Parliamentary privateers such as Captain
Richard Ingle and William Claiborne. This conflict is also known
as Claiborne and Ingle's Rebellion. What is the period of civil
unrest best known as?
- Time for Prayer
- Kingdom Revolt
- The Plundering Time
- The Maryland Revolt
6) In 1654, after the Third
English Civil War (1649-1651), Parliamentary forces assume control
of Maryland and the Governor goes into exile in the Colony of
Virginia. The Governor returns the following spring at the head of
a Cavalier force and marches on Annapolis. At this time there are
about 4,500 colonists in Maryland. Who is the Maryland Governor?
- William Stone
- William Smith
- Thomas Madison
- William Madison
7) The Battle of the Severn is
a skirmish fought on March 25, 1655, on the Severn River at Horn
Point, across Spa Creek from Annapolis, Maryland, in what at that
time is referred to as "Providence", in what is now the
neighborhood of Eastport. Following the battle, Providence changes
its name to Annapolis in 1694. It is an extension of the conflicts
that form the English Civil War, pitting the forces of Puritan
settlers against forces aligned with Lord Baltimore, Lord
Proprietor of the colony of Maryland at the time. It is suggested
that this is the last battle of the English Civil War.
8) In 1672, Lord Baltimore
declares Maryland which includes the settlement on the west shore
of the Delaware Bay, an area under the jurisdiction of the
Province of New York. A force is dispatched which attacks and
captures this settlement. New York can not immediately respond
because New York is soon recaptured by the Dutch. Maryland fears
the Dutch will use their Iroquois allies to recapture the
settlement. This settlement is restored to the Province of New
York when New York is recaptured from the Dutch in November, 1674.
What is the settlement?
9) By the 18th century, like
its larger neighbor, Virginia, Maryland develops into a plantation
colony. In 1700 there are about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had
grown more than 5 times to 130,000. By 1755, about 40% of
Maryland's population is black. Maryland planters also make
extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. An extensive
system of rivers facilitate the movement of produce from inland
plantations to the Atlantic coast for export. Baltimore is the
second-most important port in the eighteenth-century South. What
is the most important port in the eighteenth-century South?
- Charleston, South Carolina
- Richmond, Virginia
- Washington, D.C.
- Norfolk, Virginia
10) Maryland declared
independence from Britain in 1776, with Samuel Chase, William Paca,
Thomas Stone, and Charles Carroll of Carrollton signing the
Declaration of Independence for the colony. In the 1776-77 debates
over the Articles of Confederation, Maryland delegates led the
party that insisted that states with western land claims cede them
to the Confederation government, and in 1781, Maryland became the
last state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.