William "Curly Bill"
William "Curly Bill" Brocius or Brocious
was an American Old West outlaw, gunman and member of the Cow-boys
outlaw gang of the Tombstone area in the Arizona Territory during the
Born: c. 1845
Died: March 24, 1882
What do you know about William "Curly Bill" Brocius?
Old West History Made Easy Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the end of
1) Brocius is sometimes confused with "Curly Bill" Graham, who
is a different outlaw of the same general place and period. Curly Bill
Graham is killed in a gunfight by Deputy Sheriff James D. Houck October
Where is "Curly Bill" Graham
Palm Springs, California
Taos, New Mexico
2) The only known picture of Brocius can be found
in the in Tombstone. He was known to have been a big man, well-built,
with curly black hair, and of freckled complexion.
is the picture?
Bird Cage Theater Museum
Tombstone Courthouse State Park
Tombstone Epitaph Newspaper
3) When drunk, Brocius is also known for a mean
sense of humor, and for such "practical jokes" as using
gunfire to make a preacher "dance" during a sermon, or making
Mexicans at a community dance take off their clothes and dance naked.
(Both incidents were reported by Wells Fargo agent Fred Dodge in his
memoirs, and both incidents are alluded to in the newspapers of the
4) Wyatt Earp, from conversations with Brocius
while transporting him to Tucson for trial (for shooting town Marshal
Fred White) in 1880, thought Brocius is an escaped outlaw from El Paso,
Texas. Brocius is on trial for the shooting of a town marshal.
Who was the marshal?
5) Brocius is known as a rustler, but for a time,
he also works as a tax collection agent for Cochise County Sheriff
Johnny Behan, making other rustlers pay taxes on their stolen cattle
(the money goes into the sheriff's coffers and added to his salary).
6) Brocius is shot by a companion after an
argument in Galeyville. The bullet passes though his neck and out the
opposite cheek, and he survives.
What is the date?
May 6, 1881
May 16, 1881
May 26, 1881
7) Following the death of Old Man Clanton in the
Guadalupe Canyon Massacre on August 13, 1881, Brocius becomes a primary
leader in the gang.
What is the gang called?
8. After the killing by the Earp party in Tucson
on March 20, 1882, during the Earp vendetta ride, Brocius is deputized,
given a warrant issued for Wyatt Earp by Sheriff Johnny Behan, and sent
to bring back Earp, who is in the Whetstone Mountains outside town.
is killed by the Earps?
P. Allen Smith
9. Wyatt Earp, who is also looking for Brocius in
revenge for the death of his brother Morgan, encounters Curly Bill on
March 24, 1882, at Iron Springs (present day Mescal Springs). In the
gunfight, Wyatt kills Brocius with a double shotgun blast to the chest
from a range of about 50 feet.
10. Brocius or Brocious is believed to be an
What do some historians believe that
his real last name is?
11. Where is "Curly Bill" Brocius
Boothill Graveyard, Tombstone, Arizona
Frank Patterson ranch on the Babocomari River
Old Fort Sumner Cemetery, Fort Sumner, New